Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Linking Climate, Water And Civilisation In The Middle East And North Africa

Date:
August 23, 2004
Source:
University Of Reading
Summary:
A novel and exciting study that will provide new insights into the key relationships between climate, water availability and human activities in the semi-arid regions of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is getting under way at the University of Reading. The research will help shape our perception of the past, present and future of one of the most complex – and often troubled – parts of the world.

A novel and exciting study that will provide new insights into the key relationships between climate, water availability and human activities in the semi-arid regions of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is getting under way at the University of Reading. The research will help shape our perception of the past, present and future of one of the most complex – and often troubled – parts of the world.

Related Articles


With a major funding award of nearly £1,240,000 from the Leverhulme Trust, a unique team of Reading researchers, including meteorologists, hydrologists, geologists, archaeologists and geographers, will work together to assess changes in the hydrological climate in the MENA region and its impact on human communities.

It is in the great river valleys of this region – the Jordan, Euphrates, Nile and Indus – that the ancient civilisations arose, while the plight of this region under a changing climatic and hydrological regime is central to global ecology, economics and politics today.

The project will have two levels. First, a detailed study of the interplay between climate, water and human society from 20,000 BC to AD 2100 in the Jordan Valley. This will involve the development of a hydrological model, palaeoenvironmental studies of landscape and vegetation change, archaeological studies of human settlement, diet, health and water management, and an examination of current issues regarding water usage in the context of industrial, agricultural and tourist development.

Second, the development and evaluation of a climate model for the MENA region as a whole, together with a study of its implications for past, present and future human settlement.

Since the first farming communities appeared at around 10,000 BC, the Jordan Valley has been the scene of major social and economic developments, including Roman and Ottoman settlement. Social and economic change remains on-going today with an increasing intensification of agriculture, the settlement of formerly nomadic people, and the development of industry.

The one resource at the centre of all such past and present activity is water, its status changing from a natural resource to a cultural commodity and having now become a resource at the centre of political tension, in some circumstances provoking conflict, and in others international cooperation.

Archaeologist Professor Steven Mithen, who will direct the research team, said: "This exceptional collaboration of researchers from Reading will not only provide a significant contribution to the academic issues, but will also contribute to policy formation regarding economic development and planning in the region.

"In terms of water, climate and human activity, the MENA region is of tremendous importance. Yet, curiously, the nature of the water cycle and river flow in the area has not received the academic attention it requires. Nor has there been adequate study of how the issue of water has impacted on past settlement and how it might do so in the future in the context of global climate change and further economic development.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University Of Reading. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University Of Reading. "Linking Climate, Water And Civilisation In The Middle East And North Africa." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 August 2004. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/08/040815234049.htm>.
University Of Reading. (2004, August 23). Linking Climate, Water And Civilisation In The Middle East And North Africa. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/08/040815234049.htm
University Of Reading. "Linking Climate, Water And Civilisation In The Middle East And North Africa." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/08/040815234049.htm (accessed October 31, 2014).

Share This



More Earth & Climate News

Friday, October 31, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

How A Chorus Led Scientists To A New Frog Species

How A Chorus Led Scientists To A New Frog Species

Newsy (Oct. 30, 2014) — A frog noticed by a conservationist on New York's Staten Island has been confirmed as a new species after extensive study and genetic testing. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: Hawaii Lava Approaching Village Road

Raw: Hawaii Lava Approaching Village Road

AP (Oct. 30, 2014) — The lava flow on the Big Island of Hawaii was 225 yards from Pahoa Village Road on Wednesday night. The lava is slowing down but still approaching the village. (Oct. 30) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Endangered Carpathian Ponies Are Making a Comeback in Poland

Endangered Carpathian Ponies Are Making a Comeback in Poland

AFP (Oct. 29, 2014) — At the foot of the rugged Carpathian mountains near the Polish-Ukrainian border, ranchers and scientists are trying to protect the Carpathian pony, known as the Hucul in Polish. Duration: 02:17 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Deadly Mudslide in Sri Lanka Buries Houses

Deadly Mudslide in Sri Lanka Buries Houses

AP (Oct. 29, 2014) — A mudslide triggered by monsoon rains buried scores of workers' houses at a tea plantation in central Sri Lanka on Wednesday, killing at least 10 people and leaving more than 250 missing, an official said. (Oct. 29) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Plants & Animals

Earth & Climate

Fossils & Ruins

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins