Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

High Speed Space-tech Cooling Creates New Era In Cosmetics

Date:
September 27, 2004
Source:
European Space Agency
Summary:
Cool your product from 22º C to 2º C in just two minutes with no electricity, simply by 100% natural evaporation, using an advanced simulation technique from Europe's Ariane launcher.

Super-cooling of cosmetics is now available due to use of advanced simulations techniques from Europe's Ariane launcher programme.
Credit: ESA

Cool your product from 22º C to 2º C in just two minutes with no electricity, simply by 100% natural evaporation, using an advanced simulation technique from Europe's Ariane launcher.

"We have managed to develop a controlled fast cooling system, without the use of outside energy, where the temperature drops 70 times faster than in a standard refrigerator," says Fadi Khairallah, founder of Thermagen, the company behind this innovation.

"By using vacuum evaporation our process absorbs the heat energy of the product, thereby cooling it at high speed whenever required. To determine the control of the vacuum water evaporation process we used a simulation technique from the space industry." The same advanced simulation code is used to simulate the operation of the Ariane rocket engines.

Thermagen gained access to this advanced simulation tool through ESA's Technology Transfer Programme. The tool enabled them to model the complex physical phenomena that take place inside the self-refrigerating system, and to design a general purpose product to cool anything whenever required. "Using this we managed to optimize the performance and reliability of our cooling system, to reduce the temperature by 20º C within minutes," adds Khairallah.

Actually this cooling principle has been known for thousands of years. Porous jugs and gourd skins were used in the past because they cooled their contents by surface evaporation. "Our system can be compared to the way the human body controls its temperature by perspiration," explains Khairallah. "The refrigeration technique used, named the Sorption cooling, has actually been known since the thirties but it never went out from laboratories in a single-to-use disposable packaging form."

The first time this cooling technique was tried 'in real life' was during the Dakar Rally in January 2003 when Thermagen provided self-cooling containers to chill drinks for the Pescarolo Sports rally team. By evaporating one centilitre of water under vacuum sustained by special ceramics, the temperature of the drink in the container was reduced by 15º C.

"Now we are using the same principle for an exceptional new skincare product developed with our partner Cosnessens, 'Ice Source®', which takes advantage of this ultra-fast cooling effect," says Khairallah.

"The combination of the ultra-fast cooling with a special set of skincare ingredients, including a rare extract of Arctic raspberry, provides an immediate lifting effect when applied on the skin."

The effect of rapid cooling of skin care products is already well known to cosmetics researchers. When cooled by more than 5º C per minute, lipids (fats, oils, waxes, etc.) which are the basic material in cosmetic products undergo molecular retraction, which make them penetrate the skin better – known as 'the quenching effect'. Once absorbed by the skin, they regain their initial structure and 'fill up' with water. The result is that they integrate faster and affect the skin immediately. Until now, the technological means to generate and control this super-cooling effect was not available. With the help of space simulation software which was developed for the European launcher Ariane's rocket engines, Thermagen has managed to control the super-cooling effect and to optimise the performance of a miniaturised packaging.

"Improving the efficiency of cosmetics is definitely not the most obvious use of our technology from spacecraft launchers, but after more than 200 transfers of space technologies, I have learnt that space can provide the most astonishing solutions to everyday life on Earth," says Pierre Brisson, Head of ESA's Technology Transfer and Promotion Office.

"Already during the Dakar Rally we saw that Thermagen had developed an innovative solution using our space techniques to cool drinks very fast – this turned out to be a great triumph in the Saharan heat. I am sure that this transfer, the 'Ice Source®', will be equally successful."

Thermagen and its partners Cosnessens and Eurosphere presented this innovative skin care product in a special launching event in Paris on 21 September 2004.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by European Space Agency. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

European Space Agency. "High Speed Space-tech Cooling Creates New Era In Cosmetics." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 September 2004. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/09/040927080233.htm>.
European Space Agency. (2004, September 27). High Speed Space-tech Cooling Creates New Era In Cosmetics. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/09/040927080233.htm
European Space Agency. "High Speed Space-tech Cooling Creates New Era In Cosmetics." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/09/040927080233.htm (accessed September 19, 2014).

Share This



More Matter & Energy News

Friday, September 19, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Virtual Reality Headsets Unveiled at Tokyo Game Show

Virtual Reality Headsets Unveiled at Tokyo Game Show

AFP (Sep. 18, 2014) — Several companies unveiled virtual reality headsets at the Tokyo Game Show, Asia's largest digital entertainment exhibition. Duration: 00:48 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Apple's iOS8 Includes New 'Killswitch' To Curb Theft

Apple's iOS8 Includes New 'Killswitch' To Curb Theft

Newsy (Sep. 18, 2014) — Apple's new operating system, iOS 8, comes with Apple's killswitch feature already activated, unlike all the models before it. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Stocks Hit All-Time High as Fed Holds Steady

Stocks Hit All-Time High as Fed Holds Steady

AP (Sep. 17, 2014) — The Federal Reserve signaled Wednesday that it plans to keep a key interest rate at a record low because a broad range of U.S. economic measures remain subpar. Stocks hit an all-time high on the news. (Sept. 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Space Race Pits Bezos Vs Musk

Space Race Pits Bezos Vs Musk

Reuters - Business Video Online (Sep. 16, 2014) — Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos' startup will team up with Boeing and Lockheed to develop rocket engines as Elon Musk races to have his rockets certified. Fred Katayama reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins