Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Pregnant Women Face Risk After Motor Vehicle Crashes Regardless Of The Presence Of Injuries

Date:
March 28, 2005
Source:
University Of Washington
Summary:
Pregnant women who are hospitalized following motor vehicle crashes are at increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, even if they are not seriously injured or not injured at all. These women are at risk for such difficulties as placental abruption and cesarean section and their babies at risk for respiratory distress syndrome and fetal death, according to a new study by investigators at the Harborview Injury Prevention & Research Center (HIPRC).

Pregnant women who are hospitalized following motor vehicle crashes are at increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, even if they are not seriously injured or not injured at all. These women are at risk for such difficulties as placental abruption and cesarean section and their babies at risk for respiratory distress syndrome and fetal death, according to a new study by investigators at the Harborview Injury Prevention & Research Center (HIPRC).

"Pregnancy Outcomes Following Hospitalization for Motor Vehicle Crashes in Washington State from 1989 to 2001" is published in the March 15 issue of the of the American Journal of Epidemiology. Melissa Schiff, M.D., M.P.H., is the study's primary investigator. She is a University of Washington (UW) associate professor of epidemiology.

The investigators compared demographic and obstetric characteristics of 625 women hospitalized after motor vehicle crashes during pregnancy with those of pregnant women with no history of crash hospitalization. Of the women who were hospitalized, one third had no reported injuries, half had minor injuries, and one in seven had injuries classified as severe.

Although prior studies have found that crash severity is related to adverse pregnancy outcomes, the new research indicates that less severe injuries also have the potential for adverse outcomes. The researchers assessed injury diagnosis codes to classify types of injuries from motor vehicle crashes, including fractures, dislocations, sprains and strains; head injuries; internal injuries to the chest, abdomen and pelvis; open wounds; injuries to blood vessels; contusions and crushing injuries; nerve and spinal cord injuries; and superficial injuries. An injury severity score was then determined for each hospitalized woman.

To evaluate maternal and perinatal outcomes, the researchers used the Washington State Birth Event Records Database, which includes maternal and infant diagnosis and procedure codes for delivery hospitalizations. Pregnant women involved in motor vehicle crashes were compared with a randomly chosen group of pregnant women who had not been hospitalized for a crash-related injury and who experienced a childbirth or fetal death during the same period.

Pregnant women involved in motor vehicle crashes and who had no documented injuries were found to be at markedly increased risk for pre-term labor and placental abruption, and their infants were at increased risk of pre-term delivery and low birth weight, compared to the women not involved in crashes.

"In light of our findings, careful maternal and fetal monitoring following a crash is warranted," says Schiff. "Future studies evaluating police crash data in conjunction with birth and fetal death certificates may provide additional insight into how specific types of crashes play a role in adverse pregnancy outcomes."

In addition to Schiff, the study was conducted by Victoria Holt, Ph.D., a UW professor of epidemiology and adjunct professor of health and services, and a member (joint) at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

This research was supported by a grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University Of Washington. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University Of Washington. "Pregnant Women Face Risk After Motor Vehicle Crashes Regardless Of The Presence Of Injuries." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 March 2005. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/03/050325150904.htm>.
University Of Washington. (2005, March 28). Pregnant Women Face Risk After Motor Vehicle Crashes Regardless Of The Presence Of Injuries. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 18, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/03/050325150904.htm
University Of Washington. "Pregnant Women Face Risk After Motor Vehicle Crashes Regardless Of The Presence Of Injuries." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/03/050325150904.htm (accessed September 18, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, September 18, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Artificial Sweetener Could Promote Diabetes

Artificial Sweetener Could Promote Diabetes

Newsy (Sep. 17, 2014) Doctors once thought artificial sweeteners lacked the health risks of sugar, but a new study says they can impact blood sugar levels the same way. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Vaccine Trial Gets Underway at Oxford University

Ebola Vaccine Trial Gets Underway at Oxford University

AFP (Sep. 17, 2014) A healthy British volunteer is to become the first person to receive a new vaccine for the Ebola virus after US President Barack Obama called for action against the epidemic and warned it was "spiralling out of control." Duration: 01:02 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Obesity Rates Steady Even As Americans' Waistlines Expand

Obesity Rates Steady Even As Americans' Waistlines Expand

Newsy (Sep. 17, 2014) Researchers are puzzled as to why obesity rates remain relatively stable as average waistlines continue to expand. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
President To Send 3,000 Military Personnel To Fight Ebola

President To Send 3,000 Military Personnel To Fight Ebola

Newsy (Sep. 16, 2014) President Obama is expected to send 3,000 troops to West Africa as part of the effort to contain Ebola's spread. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins