Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Acid Water In East Java Threatens Biodiversity And Local Welfare

Date:
September 21, 2005
Source:
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research
Summary:
She went to investigate the local ecology. Yet during her field work on East Java, Dutch biologist Ansje Löhr became increasingly involved with the local residents, whose harvests failed and whose health was deteriorating due to extremely acidified and polluted river water. Löhr has recently received a second grant to help the Javanese population.

Löhr investigated how the acidic water seeped out of the lake into the rivers.
Credit: Image courtesy of Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research

Löhr's Ph.D. study was part of a larger project onthe Ijen Crater Lake on East Java, Indonesia. This crater lake is thelargest collection of volcanic water in the world and is extremelyacidic (pH 0.1). The acidic water slowly seeps away, and despitedilution by two tributaries in the area the pH of the river waterremains very low. This water is used for agricultural and householdpurposes, which sometimes leads to the rice harvests failing. The veryhigh aluminium content of the water – associated with the acidity –also plays an important role in this. Other elements such as fluorine,in the form of fluoride, form a direct threat for public health. Thelevels are not only alarmingly high in the river water but also in thegroundwater and drinking water wells.

Biodiversity

Within the large project scientists studied the geochemical andhydrological processes as well as the health risks. Ansje Löhrinvestigated the ecological effects of the acidic water. As well ashaving a harmful effect on the well-being of the local population, itadversely affects the biodiversity.

Löhr sampled the water atvarious locations. She observed that the neutral river water containednormal aquatic fauna, but that only mosquito larvae could survive theextremely acidic water. The diversity of microorganisms and algae wasalso very low. The inhibited breakdown of organic material was anotherecological effect measured. Löhr established this using packscontaining jati and bamboo leaves, which she suspended in the river atvarious locations. She determined the loss dry matter over a period ofseveral months.

Solution

According to Löhr, one possible solution for the acidificationproblem is simply to prevent the crater water from mixing with bothneutral rivers. She believes that this could be realised by channellingthe flow of acidic water from the crater into the sea, which with itsenormous water surface would not suffer any detrimental effects due tothis small quantity of acidic water. Löhr wants to hold discussionswith local authorities, other researchers and companies in order toarrange such a diversion or another solution. The biologist recentlyreceived a dissemination grant from NWO-WOTRO to support this.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. "Acid Water In East Java Threatens Biodiversity And Local Welfare." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 September 2005. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050917085850.htm>.
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. (2005, September 21). Acid Water In East Java Threatens Biodiversity And Local Welfare. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050917085850.htm
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. "Acid Water In East Java Threatens Biodiversity And Local Welfare." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050917085850.htm (accessed October 20, 2014).

Share This



More Earth & Climate News

Monday, October 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Traditional Farming Methods Gaining Ground in Mali

Traditional Farming Methods Gaining Ground in Mali

AFP (Oct. 20, 2014) — He is leading a one man agricultural revolution in Mali - Oumar Diatabe uses traditional farming methods to get the most out of his land and is teaching others across the country how to do the same. Duration: 01:44 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Hey, Doc! Sewage, Beer and Food Scraps Can Power Chevrolet’s Bi-Fuel Impala

Hey, Doc! Sewage, Beer and Food Scraps Can Power Chevrolet’s Bi-Fuel Impala

3BL Media (Oct. 20, 2014) — Hey, Doc! Sewage, Beer and Food Scraps Can Power Chevrolet’s Bi-fuel Impala Video provided by 3BL
Powered by NewsLook.com
White Rhino's Death In Kenya Means Just 6 Are Left

White Rhino's Death In Kenya Means Just 6 Are Left

Newsy (Oct. 20, 2014) — Suni, a rare northern white rhino at Ol Pejeta Conservancy, died Friday. This, as many media have pointed out, leaves people fearing extinction. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Beijing Marathon Runners Brave Hazardous Air Pollution

Beijing Marathon Runners Brave Hazardous Air Pollution

AFP (Oct. 19, 2014) — Tens of thousands of runners battled thick smog at the Beijing Marathon on Sunday, with some donning masks as the levels of PM2.5 small pollutant particles soared to 16 times the maximum recommended level. Duration: 00:54 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Plants & Animals

Earth & Climate

Fossils & Ruins

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins