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Acid Water In East Java Threatens Biodiversity And Local Welfare

Date:
September 21, 2005
Source:
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research
Summary:
She went to investigate the local ecology. Yet during her field work on East Java, Dutch biologist Ansje Löhr became increasingly involved with the local residents, whose harvests failed and whose health was deteriorating due to extremely acidified and polluted river water. Löhr has recently received a second grant to help the Javanese population.
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Löhr investigated how the acidic water seeped out of the lake into the rivers.
Credit: Image courtesy of Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research

She went to investigate the local ecology. Yet during herfield work on East Java, Dutch biologist Ansje Löhr became increasinglyinvolved with the local residents, whose harvests failed and whosehealth was deteriorating due to extremely acidified and polluted riverwater. Löhr has recently received a second grant to help the Javanesepopulation.

Löhr's Ph.D. study was part of a larger project onthe Ijen Crater Lake on East Java, Indonesia. This crater lake is thelargest collection of volcanic water in the world and is extremelyacidic (pH 0.1). The acidic water slowly seeps away, and despitedilution by two tributaries in the area the pH of the river waterremains very low. This water is used for agricultural and householdpurposes, which sometimes leads to the rice harvests failing. The veryhigh aluminium content of the water – associated with the acidity –also plays an important role in this. Other elements such as fluorine,in the form of fluoride, form a direct threat for public health. Thelevels are not only alarmingly high in the river water but also in thegroundwater and drinking water wells.

Biodiversity

Within the large project scientists studied the geochemical andhydrological processes as well as the health risks. Ansje Löhrinvestigated the ecological effects of the acidic water. As well ashaving a harmful effect on the well-being of the local population, itadversely affects the biodiversity.

Löhr sampled the water atvarious locations. She observed that the neutral river water containednormal aquatic fauna, but that only mosquito larvae could survive theextremely acidic water. The diversity of microorganisms and algae wasalso very low. The inhibited breakdown of organic material was anotherecological effect measured. Löhr established this using packscontaining jati and bamboo leaves, which she suspended in the river atvarious locations. She determined the loss dry matter over a period ofseveral months.

Solution

According to Löhr, one possible solution for the acidificationproblem is simply to prevent the crater water from mixing with bothneutral rivers. She believes that this could be realised by channellingthe flow of acidic water from the crater into the sea, which with itsenormous water surface would not suffer any detrimental effects due tothis small quantity of acidic water. Löhr wants to hold discussionswith local authorities, other researchers and companies in order toarrange such a diversion or another solution. The biologist recentlyreceived a dissemination grant from NWO-WOTRO to support this.


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The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


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Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. "Acid Water In East Java Threatens Biodiversity And Local Welfare." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 September 2005. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050917085850.htm>.
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. (2005, September 21). Acid Water In East Java Threatens Biodiversity And Local Welfare. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 5, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050917085850.htm
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. "Acid Water In East Java Threatens Biodiversity And Local Welfare." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/09/050917085850.htm (accessed September 5, 2015).

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