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Methane Flux From Arctic Tundras: It's The Hydrology, Stupid!

Date:
April 5, 2006
Source:
European Geosciences Union
Summary:
Many fear that, in the coming years, large amounts of methane will be released into the atmosphere. Methane is a much stronger greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide and global warming could lead to melting of the arctic tundras, setting free large volumes of methane, scientists have reported at the European Geosciences Union's General Assembly being held in Vienna, Austria. This would in its turn increase global warming.

Many fear that, in the coming years, large amounts of methane will be released into the atmosphere. Methane is a much stronger greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide and global warming could lead to melting of the arctic tundras, setting free large volumes of methane, scientists have reported at the European Geosciences Union's General Assembly being held in Vienna, Austria. This would in its turn increase global warming.

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Methane fluxes from the arctic permafrost areas attract scientific attention because the release of this powerful greenhouse gas may act as a positive feedback to climate warming. Methane release, generally, is enhanced by increasing the metabolic activity of methane bacteria in warmer arctic soils, or by the release of methane from melting permafrost.

However, research in the Northeast Siberian tundra has shown the importance of floodplain hydrology. The floodplains of arctic lowland rivers are major methane sources, where methane fluxes may be 5 times as high as in non-flooded tundra bogs. Moreover, these fluxes are very sensitive to river discharge fluctuations and the incidence of river floods. During a two year field campaign the drier year resulted in a 75% reduction of the methane flux. Currently, both air temperature and river discharges are rising significantly in the arctic.

Oral Presentation: Ko Van Huissteden, Dolaman, A.J., Maximov, T.C. Floodplain hydrology and spatial/temporal variation of methane fluxes inarctic tundra, North East Siberia.


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The above story is based on materials provided by European Geosciences Union. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

European Geosciences Union. "Methane Flux From Arctic Tundras: It's The Hydrology, Stupid!." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 April 2006. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/04/060404200308.htm>.
European Geosciences Union. (2006, April 5). Methane Flux From Arctic Tundras: It's The Hydrology, Stupid!. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 31, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/04/060404200308.htm
European Geosciences Union. "Methane Flux From Arctic Tundras: It's The Hydrology, Stupid!." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/04/060404200308.htm (accessed January 31, 2015).

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