Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Viral Genomic Material Remains In The Human Body Long After Infection

Date:
May 7, 2006
Source:
University of Helsinki
Summary:
The researchers at the University of Helsinki, Finland, and the University Hospital of Bonn, Germany, have coined the novel term "Bioportfolio" to describe viral genomic material remaining in the human body after infection. Using human erythrovirus as the example, the authors have demonstrated that viral genomic material persisting in the human body yields valuable information on viral phylogeny and on molecular epidemiology of infection.

The researchers at the University of Helsinki, Finland, and University Hospital of Bonn, Germany, have coined the novel term "Bioportfolio" to describe viral genomic material remaining in the human body after infection. Using human erythrovirus as the example, the authors have demonstrated that viral genomic material persisting in the human body yields valuable information on viral phylogeny and on molecular epidemiology of infection.

Although these results are of greatest interest to the relatively small group interested in erythrovirus (parvovirus) research, the ideas discussed are of wider interest because they explore in an imaginative way some fundamental biological events occurring during and after infection.

The research group lead by professor Klaus Hedman at the University of Helsinki have investigated by qualitative and quantitative molecular assays a large number of human tissue samples (birth-year range 1913-2000) and patient sera from the past two decades, for genomic DNA of new and previously known human erythrovirus types. They disclosed in human tissues erythrovirus genome persistence, which is ubiquitous and life-long, and represents a new source of information of our past -- which they termed the Bioportfolio.

In the Bioportfolio the researchers observed that in Central and Northern Europe the newly found erythrovirus type 2 in occurrence was actually older than the virus prototype; and that the other recently found type 3 never attained wide circulation in the area during the 70-year observation period from the thirties to the present day. Thereby, the Bioportfolio constitutes at the individual level a new form of "medical record" for one's infectious encounters. At the global and epidemiological level, it provides a novel database for analysis of the occurrence and circulation of microbial species and their variants.

Furthermore, in light of the previously shown integrity and full-length coding potential of the persistent macromolecular viral DNA genomes, the Bioportfolio might provide the desired long-term permanence for gene therapy vectors, which in the future could be designed in accordance with this innate characteristic of the human body.

Norja P, Hokynar K, Aaltonen L-M, Chen R, Ranki A, Partio EK, Kiviluoto O, Davidkin I, Leivo T, Eis-HΓΌbinger AM, Schneider B, Fischer H-P, Tolba R, Vapalahti O, Vaheri A, Soderlund-Venermo M, Hedman K: Bioportfolio: Lifelong persistence of variant and prototypic erythrovirus DNA genomes in human tissue, PNAS April , 2006 (online).


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Helsinki. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University of Helsinki. "Viral Genomic Material Remains In The Human Body Long After Infection." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 May 2006. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/05/060507212454.htm>.
University of Helsinki. (2006, May 7). Viral Genomic Material Remains In The Human Body Long After Infection. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/05/060507212454.htm
University of Helsinki. "Viral Genomic Material Remains In The Human Body Long After Infection." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/05/060507212454.htm (accessed September 17, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

President To Send 3,000 Military Personnel To Fight Ebola

President To Send 3,000 Military Personnel To Fight Ebola

Newsy (Sep. 16, 2014) — President Obama is expected to send 3,000 troops to West Africa as part of the effort to contain Ebola's spread. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Man Floats for 31 Hours in Gulf Waters

Man Floats for 31 Hours in Gulf Waters

AP (Sep. 16, 2014) — A Texas man is lucky to be alive after he and three others floated for more than a day in the Gulf of Mexico when their boat sank during a fishing trip. (Sept. 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ivorians Abandon Monkey Pets in Fear Over Ebola Virus

Ivorians Abandon Monkey Pets in Fear Over Ebola Virus

AFP (Sep. 16, 2014) — Since the arrival of Ebola in Ivory Coast, Ivorians have been abandoning their pets, particularly monkeys, in the fear that they may transmit the virus. Duration: 00:47 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Study Links Male-Pattern Baldness To Prostate Cancer

Study Links Male-Pattern Baldness To Prostate Cancer

Newsy (Sep. 16, 2014) — New findings suggest men with a certain type of baldness at age 45 are 39 percent more likely to develop aggressive prostate cancer. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

    Environment News

      Technology News



      Save/Print:
      Share:  

      Free Subscriptions


      Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

      Get Social & Mobile


      Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

      Have Feedback?


      Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
      Mobile iPhone Android Web
      Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
      Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
      Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins