Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Blood Transfusion-transmitted Infections: A Global Perspective

Date:
September 30, 2006
Source:
McMaster University
Summary:
Thanks to the many blood-safety interventions introduced since 1984, the overall risk for most transfusion-transmitted infections has become exceedingly small. In the September 28 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, Canadian medical experts put into perspective the continuing risk of transfusion-transmitted infections as well as the possible safety interventions that might reduce that risk even further, particularly those due to emerging agents including variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) the human counterpart to mad cow disease.

Thanks to the many blood-safety interventions introduced since 1984, the overall risk for most transfusion-transmitted infections has become exceedingly small.

In the September 28 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Morris Blajchman, professor of Medicine at McMaster University, and medical director, Canadian Blood Services (Hamilton Centre), with co-author Dr. Eleftherios Vamvakas of Ottawa, puts into perspective the continuing risk of transfusion-transmitted infections as well as the possible safety interventions that might reduce that risk even further, particularly those due to emerging agents including variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) the human counterpart to mad cow disease.

With regard to the emerging pathogens, several newly-developed pathogen-reduction technologies have been shown to be effective in destroying most bacteria, viruses and parasites in donated blood, but ineffective against the pathogens that cause neurodegenerative diseases and those viruses that are present in exceedingly high concentrations in blood.

Newer technologies can also have a downside, notes Blajchman. They tend to reduce the effectiveness of the blood components, necessitating the transfusion of greater quantities and thus exposing patients to blood from more donors; thereby increasing the risk of infection transmission by transfusion.

"The possible additional safety interventions that might further reduce the risk of transfusion-transmitted infections will be debated extensively over the next few years," says Blajchman.

"Regardless of the outcomes of these debates it is clear that the risk of transmission is not static. As new agents continue to emerge, old ones change their properties and epidemiologic patterns, and new information and technology become available to change our understanding of that risk."

The commentary by Blajchman and Vamvakas was written in relation to an article in the same issue of the journal concerning the transfusion-transmission of HHV-8, a virus that has the potential to cause skin tumors (Kaposi's Sarcoma) in immunocompromised recipients.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by McMaster University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

McMaster University. "Blood Transfusion-transmitted Infections: A Global Perspective." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 30 September 2006. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/09/060927201822.htm>.
McMaster University. (2006, September 30). Blood Transfusion-transmitted Infections: A Global Perspective. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/09/060927201822.htm
McMaster University. "Blood Transfusion-transmitted Infections: A Global Perspective." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/09/060927201822.htm (accessed October 20, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Monday, October 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Microneedle Patch Promises Painless Pricks

Microneedle Patch Promises Painless Pricks

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Oct. 18, 2014) Researchers at The National University of Singapore have invented a new microneedle patch that could offer a faster and less painful delivery of drugs such as insulin and painkillers. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: Nurse Nina Pham Arrives in Maryland

Raw: Nurse Nina Pham Arrives in Maryland

AP (Oct. 17, 2014) The first nurse to be diagnosed with Ebola at a Dallas hospital walked down the stairs of an executive jet into an ambulance at an airport in Frederick, Maryland, on Thursday. Pham will be treated at the National Institutes of Health. (Oct. 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: Cruise Ship Returns to US Over Ebola Fears

Raw: Cruise Ship Returns to US Over Ebola Fears

AP (Oct. 17, 2014) A Caribbean cruise ship carrying a Dallas health care worker who is being monitored for signs of the Ebola virus is heading back to Texas, US, after being refused permission to dock in Cozumel, Mexico. (Oct. 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Spanish Govt: Four Suspected Ebola Cases in Spain Test Negative

Spanish Govt: Four Suspected Ebola Cases in Spain Test Negative

AFP (Oct. 17, 2014) All four suspected Ebola cases admitted to hospitals in Spain on Thursday have tested negative for the deadly virus in a first round of tests, the government said Friday. Duration: 00:55 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins