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Controlling Water Pollution By Isolating Urine

Date:
March 8, 2007
Source:
EAWAG - Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology
Summary:
Although urine makes up only 1 percent of the total volume of wastewater, it accounts for 50-80 percent of the nutrient content. Nutrients have to be removed by resource-intensive processes at wastewater treatment plants. In the absence of these processes, nutrient discharges pose a risk of eutrophication - threatening in particular coastal waters and fish stocks.

A modern NoMix Toilet: wastes collected at the back of the bowl are flushed into the sewers with water in the nomal manner. In the front compartment, urine is collected and drained with a small amount of flushing water -- or undiluted -- into a local storagew tank.
Credit: EAWAG - Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology

Although urine makes up only 1% of the total volume of wastewater, it accounts for 50–80% of the nutrient content. Nutrients have to be removed by resource-intensive processes at wastewater treatment plants.

In the absence of these processes, nutrient discharges pose a risk of eutrophication – threatening in particular coastal waters and fish stocks. Many problematic substances, such as residues of medicines or endocrine disrupters, also enter wastewater via urine and may subsequently be released into the environment.

The Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag) has now shown that separate collection and treatment of urine could make significant contributions to water pollution control and nutrient recycling worldwide. The “NoMix” technology thus represents a major opportunity for urban water management.

Novaquatis tested various methods of processing urine. Ideally, treatment should permit recycling of nutrients as fertilizers and, at the same time, removal of problematic micropollutants. For example, 98% of the phosphorus in urine can be recovered by precipitation with magnesium. The product – struvite – is an attractive fertilizer, free of pharmaceuticals and hormones. In Switzerland, nutrients from human urine could serve as substitutes for at least 37% of the nitrogen and 20% of the phosphorus demand that is currently met by imported artificial fertilizers.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by EAWAG - Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

EAWAG - Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology. "Controlling Water Pollution By Isolating Urine." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 8 March 2007. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070308085444.htm>.
EAWAG - Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology. (2007, March 8). Controlling Water Pollution By Isolating Urine. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070308085444.htm
EAWAG - Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology. "Controlling Water Pollution By Isolating Urine." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070308085444.htm (accessed April 19, 2014).

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