Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Sensitive Testing Reveals Drug-resistant HIV With Possible Consequences For Treatment

Date:
July 30, 2008
Source:
Public Library of Science
Summary:
Drug-resistant HIV at levels too low to be detected by standard tests is not unusual and may contribute to treatment failure, according to new research.

Drug-resistant HIV at levels too low to be detected by standard tests is not unusual and may contribute to treatment failure, according to research published in PLoS Medicine.

Mutations in the AIDS virus commonly occur during treatment, especially if HIV drugs are not taken consistently, and may cause treatments to fail. HIV treatment in developed countries normally includes testing for these mutations, both to select first-line drugs for a given patient and to choose second-line drugs if the virus rebounds from initial treatment. However, tests used by clinical laboratories cannot reliably detect mutant viruses that make up less than about 20% of the virus in a patient's blood.

To investigate the role of resistant virus present at lower levels, Jeffrey Johnson of the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention Laboratory in the National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and colleagues studied HIV from more than 500 recently infected patients in Canada and the US. Although these individuals had not received anti-HIV drugs, a highly sensitive test developed by the researchers showed that more than 10% carried HIV with common drug-resistance mutations that were not detected using usual tests.

The researchers then studied 316 samples from a separate study of about 1400 patients who were started on their first HIV treatment, which included the drug efavirenz. Before starting treatment, none of these patients had resistance to efavirenz according to standard tests. However, highly sensitive testing showed that 7 of the 95 patients who experienced treatment failure had low levels of HIV with resistance mutations to efavirenz prior to treatment. Of 211 patients whose treatment did not fail, only 2 showed low level resistance prior to treatment.

These data suggest that sensitive testing for resistance could avert failures in HIV treatment. However, given the small number of cases in this initial study, larger studies are needed to confirm the results.

In an accompanying Perspective, Steven Deeks of the University of California San Francisco, who was uninvolved with the research, discusses "whether assays for the detection of low level variants can or even should be developed for patient management." He notes that although "a sizable proportion of treatment naοve HIV infected individuals harbor a minority population of drug-resistant HIV," many patients with positive results on highly sensitive resistance testing might not go on to experience treatment failure.

 


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Public Library of Science. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Johnson et al. Minority HIV-1 Drug Resistance Mutations Are Present in Antiretroviral Treatment–Naοve Populations and Associate with Reduced Treatment Efficacy. PLoS Medicine, 2008; 5 (7): e158 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0050158

Cite This Page:

Public Library of Science. "Sensitive Testing Reveals Drug-resistant HIV With Possible Consequences For Treatment." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 30 July 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080728215328.htm>.
Public Library of Science. (2008, July 30). Sensitive Testing Reveals Drug-resistant HIV With Possible Consequences For Treatment. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 18, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080728215328.htm
Public Library of Science. "Sensitive Testing Reveals Drug-resistant HIV With Possible Consequences For Treatment." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080728215328.htm (accessed April 18, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Friday, April 18, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Obama: 8 Million Healthcare Signups

Obama: 8 Million Healthcare Signups

AP (Apr. 17, 2014) — President Barack Obama gave a briefing Thursday announcing 8 million people have signed up under the Affordable Care Act. He blasted continued Republican efforts to repeal the law. (April 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Is Apathy A Sign Of A Shrinking Brain?

Is Apathy A Sign Of A Shrinking Brain?

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) — A recent study links apathetic feelings to a smaller brain. Researchers say the results indicate a need for apathy screening for at-risk seniors. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Could Even Casual Marijuana Use Alter Your Brain?

Could Even Casual Marijuana Use Alter Your Brain?

Newsy (Apr. 16, 2014) — A new study conducted by researchers at Northwestern and Harvard suggests even casual marijuana use can alter your brain. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Thousands Of Vials Of SARS Virus Go Missing

Thousands Of Vials Of SARS Virus Go Missing

Newsy (Apr. 16, 2014) — A research institute in Paris somehow misplaced more than 2,000 vials of the deadly SARS virus. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins