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'Gene Silencing' May Improve Treatment Of A Deadly Complication Of Liver Disease

Date:
June 3, 2009
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
A technique that "silences," or turns off, genes shows promise as a potential new treatment for liver fibrosis — the disease that leads to cirrhosis — scientists are reporting.

A technique that "silences," or turns off, genes shows promise as a potential new treatment for liver fibrosis — the disease that leads to cirrhosis — scientists in Tennessee are reporting.

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Ram Mahato and colleagues note that fibrosis involves build-up of scar tissue in the liver from chronic liver damage caused by hepatitis, alcohol abuse, toxins, or other factors. Advanced fibrosis can lead to cirrhosis, a condition in which the liver becomes so severely damaged that patients may require a transplant. There is no effective treatment, and patients urgently need new medications. Scientists believe one may emerge from the fascinating discovery that a protein called TGF-beta 1 triggers liver inflammation and that blocking the protein may help.

The researchers designed 10 chemically synthesized substances, termed siRNAs, with the ability to block or "silence" the TGF-beta 1 gene in the liver. When put into rat liver cells, the "gene silencers" decreased levels of type 1 collagen whose excessive production leads to fibrosis, as well as two other substances known to trigger liver inflammation, by almost 50 percent. The results suggest that gene silencing may be "an efficient and more specific approach for therapy of liver fibrosis," the report states.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Cheng et al. TGF-#1 Gene Silencing for Treating Liver Fibrosis. Molecular Pharmaceutics, 2009; 6 (3): 772 DOI: 10.1021/mp9000469

Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "'Gene Silencing' May Improve Treatment Of A Deadly Complication Of Liver Disease." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 3 June 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/06/090601110517.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2009, June 3). 'Gene Silencing' May Improve Treatment Of A Deadly Complication Of Liver Disease. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 29, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/06/090601110517.htm
American Chemical Society. "'Gene Silencing' May Improve Treatment Of A Deadly Complication Of Liver Disease." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/06/090601110517.htm (accessed March 29, 2015).

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