Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Inhibition of GRK2 is protective against acute cardiac stress injuries

Date:
November 17, 2009
Source:
Thomas Jefferson University
Summary:
Inhibition of a protein known to contribute to heart failure also appears to be protective of the heart in more acute cardiac stress injury, namely ischemia reperfusion, according to two new studies.

Inhibition of a protein known to contribute to heart failure also appears to be protective of the heart in more acute cardiac stress injury, namely ischemia reperfusion, according to two studies conducted at the Center for Translational Medicine at Thomas Jefferson University. The studies will be presented at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2009 in Orlando, Fla.

The first study was presented by Henriette Brinks, M.D., a postdoctoral fellow in the Center for Translational Medicine. The researchers, led by Walter J. Koch, Ph.D., director of the Center for Translational Medicine, examined mice that overexpressed the G-Protein coupled Receptor Kinase-2 (GRK2). This overexpression was deleterious in ischemic myocardium, according to Dr. Koch, in that these mice had larger areas of infarction or myocardial death. However, inhibition of GRK2 activity with the peptide GRK2 inhibitor, ARKct, was cardioprotective, and resulted in less cell death and increased AKT signaling, with more viable myocardium and improved post-ischemic cardiac function.

In the second study, Dr. Koch, who is also the W.W. Smith Professor of Medicine at Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, and his team looked at mice that had a heart-specific deletion of the GRK2 gene. This study was presented by Erhe Gao, M.D., Ph.D, research associate professor in the Center for Translational Medicine. This study revealed that when the GRK2 protein is absent from heart cells, there is limited damage to the myocardium after ischemic injury, including decreased cell death. This leads to improved recovery from acute cardiac damage.

"We know that levels of GRK2 are increased in chronic heart failure, but studies have also shown that increases of GRK2 levels are one of the first changes observed after acute heart damages such as heart attack and ischemia," Dr. Koch said. "Both of these studies show that the absence of GRK2 activity protects the cardiac myocytes against ischemic reperfusion."

The results of these studies show that inhibiting GRK2 is a viable therapeutic approach that reduces acute ischemia injury to the myocardium, and is a strategy to limit acute myocardial ischemia.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Thomas Jefferson University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Thomas Jefferson University. "Inhibition of GRK2 is protective against acute cardiac stress injuries." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 November 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/11/091117124005.htm>.
Thomas Jefferson University. (2009, November 17). Inhibition of GRK2 is protective against acute cardiac stress injuries. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 1, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/11/091117124005.htm
Thomas Jefferson University. "Inhibition of GRK2 is protective against acute cardiac stress injuries." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/11/091117124005.htm (accessed October 1, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, October 1, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Ebola Cases Keep Coming for Monrovia's Island Hospital

Ebola Cases Keep Coming for Monrovia's Island Hospital

AFP (Oct. 1, 2014) A look inside Monrovia's Island Hospital, a key treatment centre in the fight against Ebola in Liberia's capital city. Duration: 00:34 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Puts Stress on Liberian Health Workers

Ebola Puts Stress on Liberian Health Workers

AP (Oct. 1, 2014) The Ebola outbreak is putting stress on first responders in Liberia. Ambulance drivers say they are struggling with chronic shortages of safety equipment and patients who don't want to go to the hospital. (Oct. 1) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Doctors Reassure Public Ebola Patient Won't Cause Outbreak

Doctors Reassure Public Ebola Patient Won't Cause Outbreak

Newsy (Sep. 30, 2014) After the announcement that the first U.S. patient had been diagnosed with Ebola, doctors were quick to say a U.S. outbreak is highly unlikely. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
TX Hospital Confirms Patient Admitted With Ebola

TX Hospital Confirms Patient Admitted With Ebola

AP (Sep. 30, 2014) Medical officials from Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital confirm they are treating a patient with the Ebola virus, the first case found in the US. (Sept. 30 Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins