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New clues emerge for understanding morphine addiction

Date:
December 27, 2009
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
Scientists are adding additional brush strokes to the revolutionary new image now emerging for star-shaped cells called astrocytes in the brain and spinal cord. Their report suggests a key role for astrocytes in morphine's ability to relieve pain and cause addiction.

Scientists are reporting new clues to understanding morphine addiction.
Credit: US Drug Enforcement Administration

Scientists are adding additional brush strokes to the revolutionary new image now emerging for star-shaped cells called astrocytes in the brain and spinal cord. Their report, which suggests a key role for astrocytes in morphine's ability to relieve pain and cause addiction, appears online in ACS' Journal of Proteome Research, a monthly publication.

In the study, Piotr Suder and colleagues point out that nearly everyone viewed astrocytes -- the most abundant cells in the brain -- as supporting actors in the drama of brain activity. Scientists thought astrocytes simply propped up neurons, nerve cells that transmit signals, and kept them in proper position. Studies during the last several years, however, suggest that these cells are just as their Greek name suggests -- stars.

The scientists added morphine to a group of astrocytes in cell culture for several days. They found that the morphine-exposed cells showed increased levels of nine proteins that appear to play a role in maintaining the normal function of nerve cells.

"These proteins, after additional detailed study of their function, may serve as a potential marker of drug addiction, or may be the targets for potential therapy," the article notes.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Piotr Suder, Anna Bodzon-Kulakowska, Pawel Mak, Anna Bierczynska-Krzysik, Michal Daszykowski, Beata Walczak, Gert Lubec, Jolanta H. Kotlinska, Jerzy Silberring. The Proteomic Analysis of Primary Cortical Astrocyte Cell Culture after Morphine Administration. Journal of Proteome Research, 2009; 8 (10): 4633-4640 DOI: 10.1021/pr900443r

Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "New clues emerge for understanding morphine addiction." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 December 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/12/091209134902.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2009, December 27). New clues emerge for understanding morphine addiction. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/12/091209134902.htm
American Chemical Society. "New clues emerge for understanding morphine addiction." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/12/091209134902.htm (accessed July 31, 2014).

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