Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Second-hand pollution

Date:
January 10, 2010
Source:
Inderscience
Summary:
Everything from simple tools to complete factories is available for export from the US and Europe to the developing world. At first site, such "recycling" of equipment sounds laudable, but a European research team argues that such exports are slowing the adoption of more environmentally friendly and non-polluting technology across the globe.

Everything from simple tools to complete factories is available for export from the US and Europe to the developing world. At first site, such "recycling" of equipment sounds laudable, but a European research team argues in a forthcoming issue of the International Journal of Global Environmental Issues that such exports are slowing the adoption of more environmentally friendly and non-polluting technology across the globe.

Related Articles


Luisito Bertinelli and Benteng Zou of the University of Luxembourg working with Eric Strobl of the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris have compared old and new technologies and the pollution they cause in the developing world. The trade in old tools and equipment has to some extent been responsible for growth over the last few years in the developing world. Indeed, a lack of capital has meant that many less developed countries could gain access to technology that would otherwise be unavailable.

The team points out that older technologies are usually more labour intensive because they are less automated and often require more maintenance. More worryingly though, the team's findings suggest that the import of older technologies not only prolongs the period until pollution levels can be decreased but also raises the baseline level of pollution. This point is not lost in the current climate debate where the issue of rising carbon emissions in the developing world is a moot point.

"We set forth to model how the decision to adopt older and dirtier technologies affects the relationship between economic development and pollution," the team says. They have done so using an economic system known as a vintage capital structure, which looks at the various resources and the pollution levels. Unlike other models, their approach considers the decision of when to replace obsolete with newer technologies and how this may affect pollution.

"If one assumes that older technologies are more environmentally unfriendly, then the decision of when to scrap these and what type of technology (i.e., used or new) to adopt [in their place] is likely to be an important determinant of the extent of pollution generation," the team says.

The team argues that the results have important policy implications. Recourse to older technologies may serve short-term economic goals in developing countries but will have longer term consequences, including higher rates of pollution and delays in reaching a sustainable growth phase.

"Pressures put on developing countries in order to reduce their barriers to imports of used goods should thus be balanced against the costs of supplementary pollution that the use of older technology will induce," the team concludes.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Inderscience. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Bertinelli et al. Polluting Technologies and Economic Development. International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, 2010; 10 (1/2): 63 DOI: 10.1504/IJGENVI.2010.030568

Cite This Page:

Inderscience. "Second-hand pollution." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 January 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100105131922.htm>.
Inderscience. (2010, January 10). Second-hand pollution. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 21, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100105131922.htm
Inderscience. "Second-hand pollution." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100105131922.htm (accessed December 21, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Science & Society News

Sunday, December 21, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

After Sony Hack, What's Next?

After Sony Hack, What's Next?

Reuters - US Online Video (Dec. 19, 2014) The hacking attack on Sony Pictures has U.S. government officials weighing their response to the cyber-attack. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Sierra Leone Bikers Spread the Message to Fight Ebola

Sierra Leone Bikers Spread the Message to Fight Ebola

AFP (Dec. 19, 2014) More than 100 motorcyclists hit the road to spread awareness messages about Ebola. Nearly 7,000 people have now died from the virus, almost all of them in west Africa, according to the World Health Organization. Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
S. Leone Limits Chistmas Activities to Stem Ebola Spread

S. Leone Limits Chistmas Activities to Stem Ebola Spread

AFP (Dec. 19, 2014) Sierra Leone has launched sweeping efforts to stem the spread of Ebola in the west of the country. While church services will be allowed to go ahead over the festive period, public gatherings and entertainment have been banned. Duration: 01:10 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Obama: Better Ways to Create Jobs Than Keystone Pipeline

Obama: Better Ways to Create Jobs Than Keystone Pipeline

AFP (Dec. 19, 2014) US President Barack Obama says that construction of the Keystone pipeline would have 'very little impact' on US gas prices and believes there are 'more direct ways' to create construction jobs. Duration: 00:47 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Science & Society

Business & Industry

Education & Learning

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins