Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Shining new light on air pollutants using entangled porous frameworks

Date:
January 26, 2011
Source:
Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University
Summary:
Certain types of pollution monitoring may soon become considerably easier. Scientists have shown that a newly-formulated entangled framework of porous crystals (porous coordination polymers, or PCPs) can not only capture a variety of common air pollutants, but that the mixtures then glow in specific, easily-detected colors.

Certain types of pollution monitoring may soon become considerably easier. A group of researchers centered at Kyoto University has shown in a recent Nature Communications paper that a newly-formulated entangled framework of porous crystals (porous coordination polymers, or PCPs) can not only capture a variety of common air pollutants, but that the mixtures then glow in specific, easily-detected colors.

Lead author for the paper was Dr. Yohei Takashima.

Until now, chemical sensors have generally needed to be custom-designed to recognize specific compounds, and a separate transmission mechanism was required in order to "see" that a particular molecule had indeed been successfully captured.

"We have created what amount to be interlocking jungle-gyms, that move relative to each other and are therefore able to capture molecules of varying sizes," explained Dr. Shuhei Furukawa of Kyoto University's Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS).

This naphthalenediimide-based PCP, known as NDI, expands and contracts to confine air-born volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as benzene, toluene, xylene, anisole, and iodobenzene, which are common pollutants in the lower atmosphere.

"When exposed to ultraviolet light, the NDI-VOC interaction luminesces in an unusually wide range of colors, sufficiently intense to be observed even with the naked eye," elaborated iCeMS Professor and deputy director, Susumu Kitagawa.

These findings, including contributions from Dr. Virginia Martínez Martínez at the Universidad del País Vasco in Bilbao, open the door to the development of a new range of portable, solid-state pollution detectors, and possibly even new types of light sources.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Yohei Takashima, Virginia Martínez Martínez, Shuhei Furukawa, Mio Kondo, Satoru Shimomura, Hiromitsu Uehara, Masashi Nakahama, Kunihisa Sugimoto, Susumu Kitagawa. Molecular decoding using luminescence from an entangled porous framework. Nature Communications, 2011; 2 (1): 168 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1170

Cite This Page:

Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University. "Shining new light on air pollutants using entangled porous frameworks." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 January 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110125111000.htm>.
Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University. (2011, January 26). Shining new light on air pollutants using entangled porous frameworks. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110125111000.htm
Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University. "Shining new light on air pollutants using entangled porous frameworks." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110125111000.htm (accessed July 24, 2014).

Share This




More Earth & Climate News

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Observation Boat to Protect Cetaceans During Ship Transfer

Observation Boat to Protect Cetaceans During Ship Transfer

AFP (July 22, 2014) — As part of the 14-ship convoy that will accompany the Costa Concordia from the port of Giglio to the port of Genoa, there will be a boat carrying experts to look out for dolphins and whales from crossing the path of the Concordia. Duration: 01:02 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
New Orleans Plans to Recycle Cigarette Butts

New Orleans Plans to Recycle Cigarette Butts

AP (July 21, 2014) — New Orleans is the first U.S. city to participate in a large-scale recycling effort for cigarette butts. The city is rolling out dozens of containers for smokers to use when they discard their butts. (July 21) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Shark Sightings a Big Catch for Cape Tourism

Shark Sightings a Big Catch for Cape Tourism

AP (July 21, 2014) — A rise in shark sightings along the shores of Chatham, Massachusetts is driving a surge of eager vacationers to the beach town looking to catch a glimpse of a great white. (July 21) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Spectacular Lightning Storm Hits London

Spectacular Lightning Storm Hits London

AFP (July 19, 2014) — A spectaCular lightning storm struck the UK overnight Friday. Images of lightning strikes over the Shard and Tower Bridge in central London. Duration: 00:23 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins