Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Shining new light on air pollutants using entangled porous frameworks

Date:
January 26, 2011
Source:
Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University
Summary:
Certain types of pollution monitoring may soon become considerably easier. Scientists have shown that a newly-formulated entangled framework of porous crystals (porous coordination polymers, or PCPs) can not only capture a variety of common air pollutants, but that the mixtures then glow in specific, easily-detected colors.

Certain types of pollution monitoring may soon become considerably easier. A group of researchers centered at Kyoto University has shown in a recent Nature Communications paper that a newly-formulated entangled framework of porous crystals (porous coordination polymers, or PCPs) can not only capture a variety of common air pollutants, but that the mixtures then glow in specific, easily-detected colors.

Lead author for the paper was Dr. Yohei Takashima.

Until now, chemical sensors have generally needed to be custom-designed to recognize specific compounds, and a separate transmission mechanism was required in order to "see" that a particular molecule had indeed been successfully captured.

"We have created what amount to be interlocking jungle-gyms, that move relative to each other and are therefore able to capture molecules of varying sizes," explained Dr. Shuhei Furukawa of Kyoto University's Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS).

This naphthalenediimide-based PCP, known as NDI, expands and contracts to confine air-born volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as benzene, toluene, xylene, anisole, and iodobenzene, which are common pollutants in the lower atmosphere.

"When exposed to ultraviolet light, the NDI-VOC interaction luminesces in an unusually wide range of colors, sufficiently intense to be observed even with the naked eye," elaborated iCeMS Professor and deputy director, Susumu Kitagawa.

These findings, including contributions from Dr. Virginia Martínez Martínez at the Universidad del País Vasco in Bilbao, open the door to the development of a new range of portable, solid-state pollution detectors, and possibly even new types of light sources.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Yohei Takashima, Virginia Martínez Martínez, Shuhei Furukawa, Mio Kondo, Satoru Shimomura, Hiromitsu Uehara, Masashi Nakahama, Kunihisa Sugimoto, Susumu Kitagawa. Molecular decoding using luminescence from an entangled porous framework. Nature Communications, 2011; 2 (1): 168 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1170

Cite This Page:

Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University. "Shining new light on air pollutants using entangled porous frameworks." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 January 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110125111000.htm>.
Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University. (2011, January 26). Shining new light on air pollutants using entangled porous frameworks. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110125111000.htm
Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University. "Shining new light on air pollutants using entangled porous frameworks." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110125111000.htm (accessed September 20, 2014).

Share This



More Earth & Climate News

Saturday, September 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

New Music With Recycled Instruments at Colombia Fest

New Music With Recycled Instruments at Colombia Fest

AFP (Sep. 19, 2014) — Jars, bottles, caps and even a pizza box, recovered from the trash, were the elements used by four musical groups at the "RSFEST2014 Sonorities Recycling Festival", in Colombian city of Cali. Duration: 00:49 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: Wildfires in CA Burn Forest Asunder

Raw: Wildfires in CA Burn Forest Asunder

AP (Sep. 18, 2014) — An out-of-control Northern California wildfire has nearly 2,800 people from their homes as it continues to grow, authorities said Thursday. Authorities said a man has been arrested on suspicion of arson for starting the fire on Saturday. (Sept. 18) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: Elephant Undergoes Surgery in Tbilisi Zoo

Raw: Elephant Undergoes Surgery in Tbilisi Zoo

AP (Sep. 18, 2014) — Grand the elephant has successfully undergone surgery to remove a portion of infected tusk at Tbilisi Zoo in Georgia. British veterinary surgeons used an electric drill to extract the infected piece. (Sept. 18) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: Scientists Examine Colossal Squid

Raw: Scientists Examine Colossal Squid

AP (Sep. 16, 2014) — Squid experts in New Zealand thawed and examined an unusual catch on Tuesday: a colossal squid. It was captured in Antarctica's remote Ross Sea in December last year and has been frozen for eight months. (Sept. 16) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins