Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Mitigating mummy berry disease of blueberry

Date:
May 17, 2011
Source:
United States Department of Agriculture - Research, Education and Economics
Summary:
Blueberries may be nutritional powerhouses, but some types are no match for the fungus Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi, which causes "mummy berry" disease. Researchers have conducted comprehensive studies examining the responses of today's blueberry cultivars to infection by the fungus.

ARS scientists are examining the responses of today's blueberry cultivars to the fungus that causes mummy berry.
Credit: Photo courtesy of University of Georgia Plant Pathology Archive, Bugwood.org.

Blueberries may be nutritional powerhouses, but some types are no match for the fungus Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi, which causes "mummy berry" disease.

Fortunately, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists have more than 100 years of experience in blueberry breeding and cultivation. Geneticist Mark Ehlenfeldt and plant pathologist James Polashock embody the latest generation.

They work for USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS). With ARS colleagues, they have conducted comprehensive studies examining the responses of today's blueberry cultivars to infection by the fungus, which wages its attack in two stages.

During the first, the blighting stage, small, cup-shaped structures bearing the fungus' spores sprout from berries concealed among leaf litter in the ground. Wind spreads the spores to nearby plants, infecting newly emerging shoots and leaves. During the second phase, the fungus penetrates the berry, causing it to shrink, shrivel and turn whitish-hence the "mummy" reference. Eventually, the mummified fruit drops to the ground and overwinters, setting the stage for a new round of infection the following spring.

In a HortScience study, the researchers analyzed blighting-resistance data collected from 125 cultivars over two to six years, and fruit-infection-resistance data from 110 cultivars over two to five years.

They then ranked the cultivars' mummy-berry resistance using statistical methods devised by statistician Matthew Kramer with the ARS Biometrical Consulting Services in Beltsville, Md. Ehlenfeldt and Polashock are with the ARS Genetic Improvement of Fruits and Vegetables Research Laboratory in Beltsville, but are stationed at the Philip E. Marucci Center for Blueberry and Cranberry Research and Extension in Chatsworth, N.J.

"Brunswick" and "Bluejay" were among several blueberry cultivars that withstood both fungal infection stages.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by United States Department of Agriculture - Research, Education and Economics. The original article was written by Jan Suszkiw. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

United States Department of Agriculture - Research, Education and Economics. "Mitigating mummy berry disease of blueberry." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 May 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110517110317.htm>.
United States Department of Agriculture - Research, Education and Economics. (2011, May 17). Mitigating mummy berry disease of blueberry. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 31, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110517110317.htm
United States Department of Agriculture - Research, Education and Economics. "Mitigating mummy berry disease of blueberry." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110517110317.htm (accessed July 31, 2014).

Share This




More Plants & Animals News

Thursday, July 31, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Visitors Feel Part of the Pack at Wolf Preserve

Visitors Feel Part of the Pack at Wolf Preserve

AP (July 31, 2014) — Seacrest Wolf Preserve on the northern Florida panhandle allows more than 10,000 visitors each year to get up close and personal with Arctic and British Columbian Wolves. (July 31) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Florida Panther Rebound Upsets Ranchers

Florida Panther Rebound Upsets Ranchers

AP (July 31, 2014) — With Florida's panther population rebounding, some ranchers complain the protected predators are once again killing their calves. (July 31) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Dangerous Bacteria Kills One in Florida

Dangerous Bacteria Kills One in Florida

AP (July 31, 2014) — Sarasota County, Florida health officials have issued a warning against eating raw oysters and exposing open wounds to coastal and inland waters after a dangerous bacteria killed one person and made another sick. (July 31) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: Thousands Flocking to German Crop Circle

Raw: Thousands Flocking to German Crop Circle

AP (July 30, 2014) — Thousands of people are trekking to a Bavarian farmer's field to check out a mysterious set of crop circles. (July 30) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



    Save/Print:
    Share:  

    Free Subscriptions


    Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

    Get Social & Mobile


    Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

    Have Feedback?


    Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
    Mobile iPhone Android Web
    Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
    Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
    Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins