Botany News
December 1, 2015

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More Botany News
December 1, 2015

Nov. 20, 2015 — Deleting the genes for sugar-adding enzymes from the flowering mustard plant Arabidopsis and the moss Physcomitrella resulted in similar defects in both species, which are widely separated in ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — The complete genetic makeup of a species of ecologically important algae, which may aid in biofuel production, has been sequenced by scientists. This is only the second time that researchers have ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — Beneficial bacteria inside the Asian citrus psyllid, which spreads the pathogen believed to cause citrus greening disease, may be playing a role in Florida's devastating outbreak, report ... read more

Nov. 18, 2015 — Researchers have discovered several new species of marine fungi inhabiting previously undescribed branches of the tree of life. Little is known about the fungi flourishing in the world's oceans ... read more

Scientists Find Way to Reduce Pesticide Use and Save Millions for Ornamental Industry

Nov. 17, 2015 — Results of new research may help control some dangerous species of fungi, known as phytophthora -- or water molds -- that can cause millions of dollars in damage annually to ornamental plants and ... read more

Nov. 16, 2015 — Photosynthesis is the process by which plants, algae and select bacteria transform the sun's energy into chemical energy. But these organisms activate other biochemical pathways at night, when ... read more

Half the World's Natural History Specimens May Have the Wrong Name

Nov. 16, 2015 — As many as 50 percent of all natural history specimens held in the world's museums could be wrongly named, according to a new ... read more

Nov. 16, 2015 — The primary way that researchers know anything about the distribution of species in the natural world is via the specimen collections housed in museums all around the world. As a result, tremendous ... read more

Nov. 16, 2015 — An algorithm has helped scientists to detect laurel wilt, the deadly pathogen that threatens Florida’s $100 million-a-year avocado ... read more

Nov. 16, 2015 — Taking genetic engineering to the next level, researchers are creating modular, programmable genetic circuits that control specific plant ... read more

Nov. 16, 2015 — Crops with improved yields could more easily become a reality, thanks to a development by scientists. Researchers studying a biological process that enables tiny green algae to grow efficiently have ... read more

How DNA and a Supercomputer Can Help Sustain Honey Bee Populations

Nov. 13, 2015 — To uncover what plants honey bees rely on, researchers are applying DNA metabarcoding to pollen analysis. A new method uses three loci to characterize pollen samples collected by honey bees. This ... read more

Nov. 13, 2015 — A gene found only in a single plant species can increase protein content when introduced into staple crops, report scientists. The research has implications for a wide array of crops, especially for ... read more

Tracing Activity of Cancer-Fighting Tomato Component

Nov. 13, 2015 — Years of research have demonstrated that lycopene, the bioactive red pigment found in tomatoes, reduces growth of prostate tumors in a variety of animal models. When consumed, lycopene undergoes a ... read more

Nov. 13, 2015 — Male bumblebees are believed to have few aptitudes beyond mating and thought to be not just lazy but simple. In comparison, for example, worker bees are well known to learn the location of their ... read more

Scientists Sequence Drought Tolerant Grass Using Single Molecule Real-Time Sequencing

Nov. 11, 2015 — A new paper reports the virtually complete draft genome of Oropetium thomaeum, a grass species that can regrow after exposed to extreme drought when water becomes available. The resulting assembly ... read more

Digging Deeper Into DNA: Efficient Method to Sequence Chloroplast Genomes

Nov. 11, 2015 — A new bioinformatics strategy provides a time- and cost-efficient method to assemble a chloroplast genome using whole-genome sequencing. In a new study, researchers extracted whole-genome sequence ... read more

No More Brown Apples?

Nov. 11, 2015 — The longer an apple retains its beautiful color, the better it is -- especially for the food industry. Therefore, the industry works intensely on inhibiting the 'browning' of fruits. ... read more

Nov. 10, 2015 — Cacao trees evolved around 10 million years ago, earlier than previously believed, new research shows. Considerable genetic variation might remain to be discovered among wild cacao populations, which ... read more

Eliminating Fungi That Attack Produce With Oregano and Eucalyptus Oil

Nov. 10, 2015 — Researchers have demonstrated the anti-fungal in vitro activity of the essential oil of oregano and eucalyptus in a vapor phase, which have already proven effective in controlling fungi which cause ... read more

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