Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

ID1 protein boosts lung cancer in smokers, non-smokers; Potential anti-oncogenic target

Date:
July 19, 2011
Source:
American Society for Microbiology
Summary:
Lung cancer is strongly correlated with smoking, and most lung cancer patients are current or former smokers. But it is not rare in nonsmokers. Now, a team of researchers shows that a protein called ID1 is a key player in lung cancer in both smokers and nonsmokers.

Lung cancer is strongly correlated with smoking, and most lung cancer patients are current or former smokers. But it is not rare in nonsmokers. Now, a team of researchers from the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL, shows that a protein called ID1 is a key player in lung cancer in both smokers and nonsmokers. The research is published in the July issue of the journal Molecular and Cellular Biology.

The investigators were aware that while nicotine does not cause cancer, earlier studies, including their own, had suggested that it might promote growth and metastasis of cancers that had already formed. They exposed cultured cells to nicotine, after which these cells expressed increased levels of a protein called ID1.

"That protein was the first link between lung cancer in smokers and nonsmokers. In non-smokers, who are not exposed to copious nicotine, its expression is induced by a growth promoting protein called epidermal growth factor, which is known to be involved in cancers in non-smokers," says corresponding author Srikumar Chellappan.

The researchers then connected all this to another protein, Src, which was known to be altered in cancers, and in this altered form to promote tumor growth. "Our studies showed that inhibiting Src prevented the induction of ID1," says Chellappan. "Further, removing ID1 protein from cancer cells prevented their growth, as well as their ability to migrate or invade, which are the early steps of metastasis." They removed ID1 from the cancer cells through the use of small-interfering RNAs, which can be designed to block expression of particular proteins.

"Our studies thus show that ID1 might mediate the tumor promoting properties of nicotine, and also facilitate the growth of tumors in response to epidermal growth factor," says Chellappan. "These observations raise the possibility that targeting ID1 might be a viable strategy for combating lung cancer."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Society for Microbiology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. S. Pillai, W. Rizwani, X. Li, B. Rawal, S. Nair, M. J. Schell, G. Bepler, E. Haura, D. Coppola, S. Chellappan. ID1 Facilitates the Growth and Metastasis of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer in Response to Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor and Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Signaling. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 2011; 31 (14): 3052 DOI: 10.1128/MCB.01311-10

Cite This Page:

American Society for Microbiology. "ID1 protein boosts lung cancer in smokers, non-smokers; Potential anti-oncogenic target." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 19 July 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110718154836.htm>.
American Society for Microbiology. (2011, July 19). ID1 protein boosts lung cancer in smokers, non-smokers; Potential anti-oncogenic target. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110718154836.htm
American Society for Microbiology. "ID1 protein boosts lung cancer in smokers, non-smokers; Potential anti-oncogenic target." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110718154836.htm (accessed April 17, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, April 17, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Obama: 8 Million Healthcare Signups

Obama: 8 Million Healthcare Signups

AP (Apr. 17, 2014) President Barack Obama gave a briefing Thursday announcing 8 million people have signed up under the Affordable Care Act. He blasted continued Republican efforts to repeal the law. (April 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Is Apathy A Sign Of A Shrinking Brain?

Is Apathy A Sign Of A Shrinking Brain?

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) A recent study links apathetic feelings to a smaller brain. Researchers say the results indicate a need for apathy screening for at-risk seniors. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Could Even Casual Marijuana Use Alter Your Brain?

Could Even Casual Marijuana Use Alter Your Brain?

Newsy (Apr. 16, 2014) A new study conducted by researchers at Northwestern and Harvard suggests even casual marijuana use can alter your brain. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Thousands Of Vials Of SARS Virus Go Missing

Thousands Of Vials Of SARS Virus Go Missing

Newsy (Apr. 16, 2014) A research institute in Paris somehow misplaced more than 2,000 vials of the deadly SARS virus. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins