Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Stem cells central to pathogenesis of mature lymphoid tumors

Date:
August 16, 2011
Source:
Cell Press
Summary:
New research suggests that blood stem cells can be involved in the generation of leukemia, even when the leukemia is caused by the abnormal proliferation of mature cells. The study may guide future strategies aimed at identifying therapeutic targets for chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

New research suggests that blood stem cells can be involved in the generation of leukemia, even when the leukemia is caused by the abnormal proliferation of mature cells. The study, published by Cell Press in the August 16th issue of the journal Cancer Cell, may guide future strategies aimed at identifying therapeutic targets for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).

Related Articles


CLL is a cancer of a type of mature white blood cell called a B lymphocyte. "Most human CLL cases have a precursor phase, called monoclonal B lymphocytosis (MBL), that is an asymptomatic proliferation of B cells," explains senior study author Dr. Koichi Akashi from Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences in Japan. "Our question was, if progression from MBL to CLL reflects stepwise proliferation of aberrant cells, at what stage does the first cancer-causing event occur?"

To look for the cell population with cancer-initiating activity in human CLL, Dr. Akashi and colleagues tried to find the specific developmental stage where abnormal clonal B cells first appear. They began at the beginning, with hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). HSCs are blood stem cells that can give rise to any type of blood cell. The researchers purified HSCs from healthy individuals or HSCs from CLL patients and transplanted them into mice with a deficient immune system. In contrast to the normal HSCs, the CLL HSCs gave rise to B cells similar to those seen in MBL. Interestingly, the CLL HSCs did not have chromosomal abnormalities common to CLL, suggesting that acquisition of chromosomal abnormalities that transform MBL into CLL are secondary events.

Taken together, the findings suggest that HSCs are involved in the pathogenesis of CLL, even though CLL is a malignancy of a mature cell type. "Our data suggest that the propensity to progress to CLL is already acquired at the HSC stage," concludes Dr. Akashi. "Identification of the intrinsic abnormality of HSCs in patients with CLL should be the key to finding the ultimate therapeutic target in human CLL."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Cell Press. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Yoshikane Kikushige, Fumihiko Ishikawa, Toshihiro Miyamoto, Takahiro Shima, Shingo Urata, Goichi Yoshimoto, Yasuo Mori, Tadafumi Iino, Takuji Yamauchi, Tetsuya Eto, Hiroaki Niiro, Hiromi Iwasaki, Katsuto Takenaka, Koichi Akashi. Self-Renewing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Is the Primary Target in Pathogenesis of Human Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia. Cancer Cell, 2011; 20 (2): 246-259 DOI: 10.1016/j.ccr.2011.06.029

Cite This Page:

Cell Press. "Stem cells central to pathogenesis of mature lymphoid tumors." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 16 August 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110815121521.htm>.
Cell Press. (2011, August 16). Stem cells central to pathogenesis of mature lymphoid tumors. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110815121521.htm
Cell Press. "Stem cells central to pathogenesis of mature lymphoid tumors." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110815121521.htm (accessed December 19, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Friday, December 19, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

The Best Tips to Curb Holiday Carbs

The Best Tips to Curb Holiday Carbs

Buzz60 (Dec. 19, 2014) It's hard to resist those delicious but fattening carbs we all crave during the winter months, but there are some ways to stay satisfied without consuming the extra calories. Vanessa Freeman (@VanessaFreeTV) has the details. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com
Sierra Leone Bikers Spread the Message to Fight Ebola

Sierra Leone Bikers Spread the Message to Fight Ebola

AFP (Dec. 19, 2014) More than 100 motorcyclists hit the road to spread awareness messages about Ebola. Nearly 7,000 people have now died from the virus, almost all of them in west Africa, according to the World Health Organization. Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Researchers Test Colombian Village With High Alzheimer's Rates

Researchers Test Colombian Village With High Alzheimer's Rates

AFP (Dec. 19, 2014) In Yarumal, a village in N. Colombia, Alzheimer's has ravaged a disproportionately large number of families. A genetic "curse" that may pave the way for research on how to treat the disease that claims a new victim every four seconds. Duration: 02:42 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Double-Amputee Becomes First To Move Two Prosthetic Arms With His Mind

Double-Amputee Becomes First To Move Two Prosthetic Arms With His Mind

Buzz60 (Dec. 19, 2014) A double-amputee makes history by becoming the first person to wear and operate two prosthetic arms using only his mind. Jen Markham has the story. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins