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Spotty, strong convection seen in NASA imagery helps Irwin regain tropical storm status

Date:
October 12, 2011
Source:
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
Summary:
Tropical Storm Irwin almost appeared down for the count, but spotty areas of flaring convection provided a clue to forecasters that he wasn't ready to give up yet. The cloud top temperatures were measured by a NASA instrument at a frigid -112 Fahrenheit, indicating they're very high and powerful.

This infrared image of spotty cold cloud tops in Irwin (left) was taken from the AIRS instrument on NASA's Aqua satellite on Oct. 11 at 4:53 a.m. EDT. The purple areas indicate coldest cloud tops (-63F) and strongest convection, and heaviest rainfall. The powerful Hurricane Jova is seen to the right along the western Mexico coastline.
Credit: NASA/JPiL/Ed Olsen

Tropical Storm Irwin almost appeared down for the count, but spotty areas of flaring convection provided a clue to forecasters that he wasn't ready to give up yet. The cloud top temperatures were measured by a NASA instrument at a frigid -112 Fahrenheit, indicating they're very high and powerful.

An infrared image of Tropical Depression Irwin was taken from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument on NASA's Aqua satellite on Oct. 11 at 4:53 a.m. EDT. The infrared data revealed three areas of strong convection still occurring within the depression. Those three areas had high, very cold cloud tops (-80C/-112F) indicated strong convection, and heavy rainfall.

Irwin weakened to a tropical depression early today, Oct. 11, but by 11 a.m. EDT, was back to tropical storm status with maximum sustained winds near 40 mph (65 kmh). Those tropical storm- winds extend out 60 miles from the center, making Irwin a small tropical storm, only 120 miles in diameter.

Irwin is centered about 620 miles (1000 km) south-southwest the southern tip of Baja California, Mexico, near 15.3 North and 115.0 West. Irwin is moving to the east at 8 mph (12 kmh) and is expected to continue that direction today, but turn to the east-northeast on Oct. 12.

The National Hurricane Center discussion for Irwin's future indicates that the strengthening is only temporary because of stable air and increasing wind shear. If infrared data shows Irwin's cloud tops warming, that means they're falling and there's not as much energy in the atmosphere. If that happens, Irwin may drop to depression status again over the next couple of days.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. "Spotty, strong convection seen in NASA imagery helps Irwin regain tropical storm status." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 12 October 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111012113800.htm>.
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. (2011, October 12). Spotty, strong convection seen in NASA imagery helps Irwin regain tropical storm status. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111012113800.htm
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. "Spotty, strong convection seen in NASA imagery helps Irwin regain tropical storm status." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111012113800.htm (accessed October 20, 2014).

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