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How plants chill out: Plants elongate their stems to cool their leaves

Date:
May 21, 2012
Source:
University of Bristol
Summary:
Plants elongate their stems when grown at high temperature to facilitate the cooling of their leaves, according to new research. Understanding why plants alter their architecture in response to heat is important as increasing global temperatures pose a threat to future food production.

(Left) Arabidopsis thaliana, the model plant species, grown at 22oC (top) and 28oC (bottom). (Right) Thermal images of 22oC-grown (top) and 28oC-grown (bottom) Arabidopsis plants moved to 28oC.
Credit: Image by Dr Kerry Franklin

Plants elongate their stems when grown at high temperature to facilitate the cooling of their leaves, according to new research from the University of Bristol recently published in Current Biology. Understanding why plants alter their architecture in response to heat is important as increasing global temperatures pose a threat to future food production.

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Although scientists have made significant advances in understanding how plants elongate at high temperature, little is known of the physiological consequences of this response. To investigate these consequences, the researchers, led by Dr Kerry Franklin and Professor Alistair Hetherington in Bristol's School of Biological Sciences, studied thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana), a small flowering plant which is a popular model species in plant biology and genetics.

When grown at higher temperatures, plants have an elongated, spindly architecture and develop fewer leaf pores, known as stomata. However, in spite of having a reduced number of stomata, the elongated Arabidopsis thaliana plants grown by the team displayed greater water loss and leaf evaporative cooling.

The researchers suggest that the increased spacing of leaves observed in high temperature-grown plants may promote the diffusion of water vapour from stomata, thereby enhancing the cooling process.

Dr Franklin said: "Temperature and water availability are major factors affecting plant yield. Understanding the relationship between temperature, plant architecture and water use is therefore essential for maximising future crop production and ensuring food security in a changing climate."

The research was funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). Dr Franklin is supported by a Royal Society Research Fellowship.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Bristol. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Amanda J. Crawford, Deirdre H. McLachlan, Alistair M. Hetherington, Keara A. Franklin. High temperature exposure increases plant cooling capacity. Current Biology, 22 May 2012 DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.03.044

Cite This Page:

University of Bristol. "How plants chill out: Plants elongate their stems to cool their leaves." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 May 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120521132758.htm>.
University of Bristol. (2012, May 21). How plants chill out: Plants elongate their stems to cool their leaves. ScienceDaily. Retrieved March 27, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120521132758.htm
University of Bristol. "How plants chill out: Plants elongate their stems to cool their leaves." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120521132758.htm (accessed March 27, 2015).

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