Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

West Nile on the rise again after a quiet decade

Date:
August 17, 2012
Source:
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)
Summary:
A University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey expert describes symptoms and ways to protect yourself from the West Nile virus.

This past year's mild winter and wet spring could be contributing to the worst West Nile virus outbreak since the disease was first detected in the United States in 1999. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there have been more cases of the virus so far this year than any year. As of August 14, almost 700 cases had been reported across the nation, including 26 deaths. This year also marks the earliest reported case of West Nile virus in New Jersey.

"Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds. Normally, the number of mosquitoes decreases greatly during the cold months, with a small proportion of mosquitoes surviving, or 'overwintering.' This year, with a mild winter, more mosquitos survived and so we're seeing a bumper crop," explains Dr. George DiFerdinando Jr., Director of The New Jersey Center for Public Health Preparedness.

West Nile virus is a seasonal epidemic in North America that flares up in the summer and continues into the fall and is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. The virus is not spread person to person through casual contact.

People typically develop West Nile symptoms between three and 14 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. While about 80 percent of those infected will not exhibit symptoms, 20 percent have symptoms such as fever, headache and body aches, nausea, vomiting, and sometimes swollen lymph glands or a skin rash on the chest, stomach and back. Symptoms can last for as little as a few days, or as long as several weeks, even in people who are otherwise healthy. About one in 150 people infected with West Nile virus will develop severe, potentially fatal, illness. Symptoms can include high fever, headache, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, vision loss, numbness and paralysis. In these cases, neurological effects may be permanent.

"Anyone with a compromised immune system is at a higher risk to contract a severe form of the illness," says Dr. DiFerdinando. "This includes those of us over 50, those with diseases such as blood cancers or HIV and people who are taking medicines that weaken the immune system, like prednisone. These people as well as anyone who spends a significant amount of time outdoors should take precautions to avoid mosquito bites."

Dr. DiFerdinando says you minimize your risk in two ways: Reduce the number of mosquitoes on your property and decrease your direct exposure to mosquitoes.

He recommends taking the following precautions:

• Stay inside at dawn and dusk, the times when mosquitoes are most active.

• Wear long sleeves and pants or Permethrin-treated clothing.

• Use EPA-approved insect repellent like DEET, Picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus (or its synthetic version, PMD) or IR3535. Spray the repellent on your clothes before you put them on -- not directly on your skin -- and allow the clothes to dry before putting them on. Shower when you come inside.

• Get rid of mosquito breeding sites by emptying standing water from flowerpots, buckets and barrels. Change the water in pet dishes and replace the water in birdbaths weekly. Drill holes in tire swings so water drains out. Keep children's wading pools empty and on their sides when they are not being used.

• Make sure you have good screens on your windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out.



Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). "West Nile on the rise again after a quiet decade." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 August 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/08/120817135355.htm>.
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). (2012, August 17). West Nile on the rise again after a quiet decade. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/08/120817135355.htm
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ). "West Nile on the rise again after a quiet decade." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/08/120817135355.htm (accessed July 24, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

Newsy (July 24, 2014) The FDA approved Targiniq ER on Wednesday, a painkiller designed to keep users from abusing it. Like any new medication, however, it has doubters. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Doctor At Forefront Of Fighting Ebola Outbreak Gets Ebola

Doctor At Forefront Of Fighting Ebola Outbreak Gets Ebola

Newsy (July 24, 2014) Sheik Umar Khan has treated many of the people infected in the Ebola outbreak, and now he's become one of them. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Condemned Man's US Execution Takes Nearly Two Hours

Condemned Man's US Execution Takes Nearly Two Hours

AFP (July 24, 2014) America's death penalty debate raged Thursday after it took nearly two hours for Arizona to execute a prisoner who lost a Supreme Court battle challenging the experimental lethal drug cocktail. Duration: 00:55 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
China's Ageing Millions Look Forward to Bleak Future

China's Ageing Millions Look Forward to Bleak Future

AFP (July 24, 2014) China's elderly population is expanding so quickly that children struggle to look after them, pushing them to do something unexpected in Chinese society- move their parents into a nursing home. Duration: 02:07 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins