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Improving diet quality reduces risk for type 2 diabetes

Date:
June 14, 2014
Source:
American Diabetes Association
Summary:
Improving the overall quality of one's diet helps to prevent type 2 diabetes, independent of other lifestyle changes, according to a new study. The study found that those who improved their diet quality index scores by 10 percent over four years -- by eating more whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and less sweetened beverages and saturated fats, for example -- reduced their risk for type 2 diabetes by about 20 percent, compared to those who made no changes to their diets.
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Improving the overall quality of one's diet helps to prevent type 2 diabetes, independent of other lifestyle changes, according to a study presented at the American Diabetes Association's 74th Scientific Sessions®.

The study, by researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health, found that those who improved their diet quality index scores by 10 percent over four years -- by eating more whole grains, fruits and vegetables, and less sweetened beverages and saturated fats, for example -- reduced their risk for type 2 diabetes by about 20 percent, compared to those who made no changes to their diets. Dietary quality was measured using the 110-point Alternate Healthy Eating Index 2010.

The study also examined whether improved diet was a marker of other lifestyle changes, such as weight loss or increased physical activity, or if it could independently reduce a person's risk for developing type 2 diabetes.

"We found that diet was indeed associated with diabetes independent of weight loss and increased physical activity," said lead researcher Sylvia Ley, PhD, a post-doctoral fellow at the Harvard School of Public Health. "If you improve other lifestyle factors you reduce your risk for type 2 diabetes even more, but improving diet quality alone has significant benefits. This is important because it is often difficult for people to maintain a calorie-restricted diet for a long time. We want them to know if they can improve the overall quality of what they eat -- consume less red meat and sugar-sweetened beverages, and more fruits, vegetables and whole grains -- they are going to improve their health and reduce their risk for diabetes."

The study also showed that it didn't matter how good or poor a person's diet was when they started out, she said. "Regardless of where participants started, improving diet quality was beneficial for all."


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The above post is reprinted from materials provided by American Diabetes Association. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


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American Diabetes Association. "Improving diet quality reduces risk for type 2 diabetes." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 14 June 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140614150313.htm>.
American Diabetes Association. (2014, June 14). Improving diet quality reduces risk for type 2 diabetes. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 4, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140614150313.htm
American Diabetes Association. "Improving diet quality reduces risk for type 2 diabetes." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140614150313.htm (accessed July 4, 2015).

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