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Blood glucose levels measured in hospitalized patients can predict risk of type 2 diabetes

Date:
August 19, 2014
Source:
PLOS
Summary:
Blood glucose levels measured in hospitalized adults during acute illness can be used to predict risk of developing type 2 diabetes over the following three years, according to a new study.

Blood glucose levels measured in hospitalized adults during acute illness can be used to predict risk of developing type 2 diabetes over the following 3 years, according to a study published by David McAllister and colleagues from the University of Edinburgh, UK in this week's PLOS Medicine.

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The researchers obtained measurements of blood glucose levels on admission for 86,634 patients aged 40 years or older who were admitted to a hospital for an acute illness between 2004 and 2008 in Scotland and identified those patients who developed type 2 diabetes up to December 2011 through the Scottish Care Information -- Diabetes Collaboration national registry. They found that the overall 3-year risk of developing type 2 diabetes was 2.3%, with the risk of developing diabetes increased linearly with increasing blood glucose level at admission. The 3-year risk of type 2 diabetes was 1% for patients with a glucose level of less than 5 mmol/l (90 mg/dl) and increased to approximately 15% for patients with a glucose of 15 mmol/l (270 mg/dl) or more.

Based on their analyses, the researchers developed a risk calculator (http://www.cphs.mvm.ed.ac.uk/diabetes-risk/) that uses the patient's age, sex, and admission blood glucose level to predict risk of developing diabetes over 3 years following hospital admission. However, the authors note that this approach has not yet been validated in non-white populations or populations outside of Scotland.

The authors say: "These findings can be used to inform individual patients of their long-term risk of type 2 diabetes and to offer lifestyle advice as appropriate."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by PLOS. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. David A. McAllister, Katherine A. Hughes, Nazir Lone, Nicholas L. Mills, Naveed Sattar, John McKnight, Sarah H. Wild. Stress Hyperglycaemia in Hospitalised Patients and Their 3-Year Risk of Diabetes: A Scottish Retrospective Cohort Study. PLoS Medicine, 2014; 11 (8): e1001708 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001708

Cite This Page:

PLOS. "Blood glucose levels measured in hospitalized patients can predict risk of type 2 diabetes." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 19 August 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140819155312.htm>.
PLOS. (2014, August 19). Blood glucose levels measured in hospitalized patients can predict risk of type 2 diabetes. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 29, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140819155312.htm
PLOS. "Blood glucose levels measured in hospitalized patients can predict risk of type 2 diabetes." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140819155312.htm (accessed January 29, 2015).

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