The Black Rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis also colloquially Black Rhino is a mammal in the order Perissodactyla, native to the eastern and central areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe.
Although the Rhino is referred to as a "Black" creature, it is actually more of a grey-white color in appearance.
For most of the 20th century the continental black rhino was the most numerous of all rhino species.
Around 1900 there were probably several hundred thousand living in Africa.
During the later half of the 20th century their number severely reduced from an estimated 70,000 in the late 1960s to only 10,000 to 15,000 in 1981.
In the early 1990s the number dipped below 2500, and in 1995 it was reported that only 2,410 black rhinos remained.
According to the International Rhino Foundation, the total African population has since then slightly recovered to 3,610 by 2003.
According to a July 2006 report by the World Conservation Union, a recent survey of the West African Black Rhino, which once ranged across the savannahs of western Africa but had dropped to just 10, concluded the subspecies to be extinct.