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Hemin improves adipocyte morphology, function by enhancing proteins of regeneration

Date:
January 26, 2015
Source:
Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Summary:
Obesity has escalated in every segment of the population including children, adolescences and adults. In obesity, impaired lipid and glucose metabolism are implicated in the conundrum of cardiometabolic complication. Heme-oxygenase is a cytoprotective enzyme that has been recently shown to improve glucose and lipid metabolism in diabetic, hypertensive and obese animals. Thus substances capable of enhancing heme-oxygenase may be explored as novel remedies against cardiometabolic complications arising from excessive adiposity.
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Scientists at the University of Saskatchewan College of Medicine, Department of Physiology, Saskatoon, Canada, led by Dr. Joseph Fomusi Ndisang have determined that upregulating heme-oxygenase with hemin improves pericardial adipocyte morphology and function. It does so by enhancing the expression of proteins of repair and regeneration such as beta-catenin, Oct3/4, Pax2 as well as the stem/progenitor-cell marker cKit, while concomitantly abating inflammatory/oxidative insults and suppressing extracellular-matrix/profibrotic and remodeling proteins. Visceral adiposity like pericardial fat is correlated to insulin resistance and cardiac disease, and this is amongst the major causes of cardiac complications in obese individuals. By virtue of its anatomical and functional proximity to the coronary circulation, pericardial adiposity can lead to myocardial inflammation, left ventricular hypertrophy and coronary artery disease through paracrine mechanisms that include increased production of inflammatory cytokines, reactive oxygen species and other atherogenic factors.

These findings, which appear in the January 2015 issue of Experimental Biology and Medicine, used a laboratory animal model characterized by obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesteromia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and excessive pericardial adiposity, all of which are major pathophysiological causes of heart failure and related cardiac complications in patients with obesity. Dr. Ndisang and co-worker underscored the protective role of heme-oxygenase in obesity and related cardiometabolic complications.

"The rising incidence of obesity and related cardiometabolic complications poses a great health challenge of considerable socioeconomic burden with costs that may become unsustainable to healthcare systems. Thus preventive strategies as well as novel therapeutic remedies are needed" states Dr. Ndisang. "In this study, we showed that treatment with the heme-oxygenase inducer, hemin, suppresses hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesteromia; reduces pericardial adiposity; abates pericardial adipocyte hypertrophy; attenuates adipocyte inflammation and oxidative insults; decreases the excessive levels of profibrotic extracellular matrix; while concomitantly potentiating heme-oxygenase, stem/progenitor cells and proteins of regeneration in the pericardial adipose tissue. These results suggest that substances capable of potentiating heme-oxygenase may be explored for the design of novel remedies against cardiac complications arising from excessive adiposity."

Future studies are needed to determine if preemptive application of hemin to the animals used in this study will retard/and or delay the manifestation of cardiometabolic complications.

Dr. Steven R. Goodman, Editor-in-Chief of Experimental Biology and Medicine, said "These studies by Dr. Ndisang and colleagues provide promise for the future testing of heme-oxygenase inducers as potential therapeutics to limit cardiac injury related to excess adiposity in obese individuals. As obesity continues to grow globally, in adults and children, better therapies to control the downstream clinical sequelae are desperately needed, in parallel with preemptive education on diet and exercise."


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Materials provided by Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. J. F. Ndisang, S. Tiwari. Featured Article: Induction of heme oxygenase with hemin improves pericardial adipocyte morphology and function in obese Zucker rats by enhancing proteins of regeneration. Experimental Biology and Medicine, 2014; 240 (1): 45 DOI: 10.1177/1535370214544268

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Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. "Hemin improves adipocyte morphology, function by enhancing proteins of regeneration." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 January 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/01/150126095713.htm>.
Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. (2015, January 26). Hemin improves adipocyte morphology, function by enhancing proteins of regeneration. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/01/150126095713.htm
Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. "Hemin improves adipocyte morphology, function by enhancing proteins of regeneration." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/01/150126095713.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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