Infectious Diseases News
August 26, 2016

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More Infectious Diseases News
August 26, 2016

Acute Virus Infection Associated With Sensory Polyneuropathy, Zika Experts Say

Aug. 26, 2016 — A group of researchers has described the first case of sensory polyneuropathy associated with acute Zika virus infection. A large percentage of people suffering from Zika virus infections are ... read more

Team Discovers How Zika Virus Causes Fetal Brain Damage

Aug. 24, 2016 — Infection by the Zika virus diverts a key protein necessary for neural cell division in the developing human fetus, thereby causing the birth defect microcephaly, a team of scientists ... read more

Very Low Transmission of HIV Within Couples Receiving Both ART, PrEP

Aug. 23, 2016 — Providing HIV medication to both members of a couple may substantially reduce the risk of transmission within that couple, according to a new ... read more

Shortfalls in Laboratory Services May Limit Attainment of Worldwide Targets for HIV

Aug. 23, 2016 — Insufficient capacity to perform laboratory tests used in monitoring HIV infection, and underutilization of existing testing capacity, are limiting the ability to meet the Joint United Nations ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Researchers have developed a technique that estimates an HIV-negative patient's adherence to drugs prescribed to prevent HIV transmission during ... read more

Mutational Tug of War Over HIV's Disease-Inducing Potential

Aug. 23, 2016 — A study from AIDS researchers shows how the expected disease severity when someone is newly infected by HIV reflects a balance between the virus' invisibility to the host's immune system ... read more

New Types of African Salmonella Associated With Lethal Infection

Aug. 22, 2016 — The first global-scale genetic study of Salmonella Enteritidis bacteria, which is a major cause of blood poisoning and death in Africa and food poisoning in the Western World, has discovered that ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — Geographers have completed a large scale data and mapping project to track the flow of internal human migration in low and middle income countries. Researchers have, for the first time, mapped ... read more

Study Finds Better Definition of Homelessness May Help Minimize HIV Risk

Aug. 19, 2016 — Being homeless puts people at greater risk of HIV infection than those with stable housing, but targeting services to reduce risk behaviors is often complicated by fuzzy definitions of homelessness, ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — Researchers have identified the protein that norovirus uses to invade cells. Norovirus is the most common viral cause of diarrhea worldwide, but scientists still know little about how it infects ... read more

New Flu Strains and Old Antibodies: How Sinful Is 'Original Antigenic Sin'?

Aug. 18, 2016 — Immune memory ensures a quick, specific response to previously encountered pathogens. However, for rapidly evolving pathogens like influenza virus, there is concern that recalled ('old') ... read more

Emtricitabine/tenofovir Alafenamide in HIV Infection: Added Benefit Not Proven

Aug. 18, 2016 — When investigators reviewed Emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide in HIV infection, they found that partly no data were available, and partly the appropriate comparator therapy was not adhered to. The ... read more

Study Identifies How Zika Virus Infects the Placenta

Aug. 18, 2016 — In a new study, researchers demonstrate Zika virus infection of cells derived from human placentas. The research provides insight into how Zika virus may be transmitted from expectant mother to ... read more

How Are Dreaded Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens Brought Into Hospitals?

Aug. 17, 2016 — In largest study of its kind in Europe, scientists investigated this question and discovered that almost ten percent of patients admitted into hospitals already bring these dreaded pathogens along ... read more

Roadblocks to Research: Bioethicist Addresses Lack of HIV Studies in Pregnant Women

Aug. 17, 2016 — A new study is addressing the urgent need for effective HIV prevention and treatment for the estimated 1.5 million women worldwide with HIV who give birth each ... read more

Mouse Study Points Way to Shut Down Harmful Immune Response in Lupus

Aug. 17, 2016 — Molecules that scavenge debris from dying cells appear to halt the cycle of chronic inflammation in lupus, while also enhancing the body’s ability to combat flu, according to studies in ... read more

Scientists Find a Salty Way to Kill MRSA

Aug. 16, 2016 — Scientists have discovered a new way to attack Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. The team has revealed how the bacteria regulates its salt ... read more

Aug. 16, 2016 — People infected with Ebola virus were 20 percent more likely to survive if they were co-infected with malaria-causing Plasmodium parasites, according to data collected at an Ebola diagnostic ... read more

New Maths to Predict Dangerous Hospital Epidemics

Aug. 16, 2016 — Mathematicians are now developing completely new statistical calculations on the world’s fastest computers in order to be able to predict how epidemics of dangerous hospital bacteria ... read more

Researchers Identify the Secret Genetic Weapon of Clostridium Difficile

Aug. 16, 2016 — A trio of researchers has identified the location of the genes that control production of toxins that harm people infected by Clostridium difficile bacteria. The gene locus, agr1, forms part of a ... read more

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