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Key factor for stability of capillaries in brain identified

Date:
July 29, 2015
Source:
Universitaet Tübingen
Summary:
The brain needs a lot of oxygen – so every last corner of the brain’s tissue is served by a dense network of fine blood vessels. When these capillaries are damaged by high blood pressure or age, doctors call the condition cerebral small vessel disease. They estimate this is the cause of around one in five strokes, and that the condition may also lead to certain forms of dementia.
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The brain needs a lot of oxygen -- so every last corner of the brain's tissue is served by a dense network of fine blood vessels. When these capillaries are damaged by high blood pressure or age, doctors call the condition cerebral small vessel disease. They estimate this is the cause of around one in five strokes, and that the condition may also lead to certain forms of dementia.

Dr. Christine Weinl and Professor Alfred Nordheim of the University of Tübingen's Interfaculty Institute for Cell Biology, working with Salvador Castaneda and Professor Bernd Pichler of the Werner Siemens Imaging Center and other researchers from Germany, France and the United States, carried out analyses to find out how the brain's capillaries are developed and maintained at the molecular level.

The researchers conducted experiments on genetically-modified mice and found that the serum response factor, which drives many other cell processes, is responsible for the stability and blood-brain barrier functions of the capillaries. This could provide clues for stroke research in humans. The study is published in the latest edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.


Story Source:

Materials provided by Universitaet Tübingen. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Christine Weinl, Salvador Castaneda Vega, Heidemarie Riehle, Christine Stritt, Carsten Calaminus, Hartwig Wolburg, Susanne Mauel, Angele Breithaupt, Achim D. Gruber, Bohdan Wasylyk, Eric N. Olson, Ralf H. Adams, Bernd J. Pichler, Alfred Nordheim. Endothelial depletion of murine SRF/MRTF provokes intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2015; 201509047 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1509047112

Cite This Page:

Universitaet Tübingen. "Key factor for stability of capillaries in brain identified." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 July 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150729093012.htm>.
Universitaet Tübingen. (2015, July 29). Key factor for stability of capillaries in brain identified. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150729093012.htm
Universitaet Tübingen. "Key factor for stability of capillaries in brain identified." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/07/150729093012.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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