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'Cultural learners' in the cradle

Infants pay more attention to native speakers of their language

Date:
August 10, 2016
Source:
International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA)
Summary:
Well before starting to speak, children from a very young age pay higher attention to the information received from native speakers of their language compared to the information received from 'foreigners.' A new study shows that this behavior, replicated already at the age of five months, might be the foundation of acquiring culture specific knowledge.
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We are "culturally biased" right from the cradle and we tend to prefer information we receive from native speakers of our language, even when this information is not transmitted through verbal speech. Hanna Marno, researcher at the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) of Trieste (together with other colleagues among whom Jacques Mehler and Marina Nespor, professors at SISSA, -that coordinated the study- and Yamil Vidal, SISSA Ph.D. student) has carried out an experiment in which she proved that infants selectively paid attention to the informants they have previously heard speaking their own language.

In a first series of experiments, 12-month-old infants were first familiarized with native speakers of their language and foreign speakers. In a following session, the same infants were presented with short movies where each of the known speakers silently gazed toward unfamiliar objects. The analysis of the looking behaviour showed that infants looked longer at the objects indicated by the native speaker, compared to those indicated by the foreigners. Further experiments have shown that this behaviour was replicated with 5-month-old infants already.

"Recognizing the spoken language of their interlocutors stimulates in children, even at a very early age, the social learning: infants tend to prefer information received from speakers recognized as belonging to their own cultural group. Language is a lead that guides the learning process," Marno, first author of the study, explains. "Though it may seem limiting, children are presented with a huge amount of stimuli, and therefore need strategies to efficiently distribute their attention potential, maximizing thus the learning of relevant inputs. Choosing native speakers of our language is a good way to be able to selectively learn from them the knowledge of our cultural environment "


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Materials provided by International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA). Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Hanna Marno, Bahia Guellai, Yamil Vidal, Julia Franzoi, Marina Nespor, Jacques Mehler. Infants’ Selectively Pay Attention to the Information They Receive from a Native Speaker of Their Language. Frontiers in Psychology, 2016; 7 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01150

Cite This Page:

International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA). "'Cultural learners' in the cradle: Infants pay more attention to native speakers of their language." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 August 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160810113842.htm>.
International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA). (2016, August 10). 'Cultural learners' in the cradle: Infants pay more attention to native speakers of their language. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160810113842.htm
International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA). "'Cultural learners' in the cradle: Infants pay more attention to native speakers of their language." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160810113842.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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