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New species of pterosaur discovered in Patagonia

A superbly preserved skull reveals information about the evolution of the braincase in pterodactyloids

Date:
August 30, 2016
Source:
PeerJ
Summary:
Scientists today announced the discovery of a new species of pterosaur from the Patagonia region of South America. The cranial remains were in an excellent state of preservation and belonged to a new species of pterosaur from the Early Jurassic. The researchers have named this new species 'Allkauren koi' from the native Tehuelche word 'all' for 'brain' and 'karuen' for 'ancient.'
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Scientists today announced the discovery of a new species of pterosaur from the Patagonia region of South America. The cranial remains were in an excellent state of preservation and belonged to a new species of pterosaur from the Early Jurassic. The researchers have named this new species 'Allkauren koi' from the native Tehuelche word 'all' for 'brain', and 'karuen' for 'ancient'.

Pterosaurs are an extinct group of flying reptiles that lived during most of the Mesozoic Era. This group had an extraordinary adaptation to flight, including pneumatic bones to lighten its weight, and an elongated digit supporting a wing membrane. However, pterosaur neuroanatomy is known from only a few three dimensionally preserved remains and, until now, there was no information on the intermediate forms. This study therefore provides new information on the origin, tempo and mode of evolution in this particular group of flying reptiles.

The fossil of Allkaruen koi was found in northern central Chubut Province, Patagonia Argentina and the remains included a superbly preserved and uncrushed braincase. In order to study the neurocranial anatomy, researchers used computed tomography to observe, in three dimensions, the cranial endocast and the inner ear. Subsequently, a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of the group was performed, including these cranial data and other anatomical features. "Allkaruen, from the middle lower jurassic limit, shows an intermediate state in the brain evolution of pterosaurs and their adaptations to the aerial environment," said Dr Diego Pol, who is part of the research team. "As a result, this research makes an important contribution to the understanding of the evolution of all of pterosaurs."


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Journal Reference:

  1. Laura Codorniú, Ariana Paulina Carabajal, Diego Pol, David Unwin, Oliver W.M. Rauhut. A Jurassic pterosaur from Patagonia and the origin of the pterodactyloid neurocranium. PeerJ, 2016; 4: e2311 DOI: 10.7717/peerj.2311

Cite This Page:

PeerJ. "New species of pterosaur discovered in Patagonia: A superbly preserved skull reveals information about the evolution of the braincase in pterodactyloids." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 30 August 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160830083709.htm>.
PeerJ. (2016, August 30). New species of pterosaur discovered in Patagonia: A superbly preserved skull reveals information about the evolution of the braincase in pterodactyloids. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 23, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160830083709.htm
PeerJ. "New species of pterosaur discovered in Patagonia: A superbly preserved skull reveals information about the evolution of the braincase in pterodactyloids." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160830083709.htm (accessed May 23, 2017).

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