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How many adverse events are reported to FDA for cosmetics, personal care?

Date:
June 26, 2017
Source:
The JAMA Network Journals
Summary:
A new study examines adverse events for cosmetics and personal care products in the US Food and Drug Administration's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition's Adverse Event Reporting System (CFSAN), a repository made publically available in 2016.
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FULL STORY

A new research letter published by JAMA Internal Medicine examines adverse events for cosmetics and personal care products in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition's Adverse Event Reporting System (CFSAN), a repository made publically available in 2016.

Shuai Xu, M.D., M.Sc., of the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, and coauthors, used the entire CFSAN data file (2004 to 2016), which included voluntary submissions by consumers and health care professionals.

Analysis showed there were 5,144 adverse events submitted from 2004 to 2016, an average of 396 events per year. From 2015 (706 events) to 2016 (1,591 events), there was an increase in adverse events, specifically involving hair care products, compared with the average. The three most commonly reported products were hair care, skin care and tattoos. Those classes of products with higher than average reports of serious health outcomes were: baby, unclassified product classes, personal cleanliness, hair care and hair coloring products, according to the results.

Limitations of the study include that causality of adverse events cannot be determined from the data, health outcomes are self-reported and reports from consumers vs. health care professionals cannot be distinguished.

The authors suggest better cosmetic surveillance is needed: "Unlike devices, pharmaceuticals and dietary supplements, cosmetic manufacturers have no legal obligation to forward adverse events to the FDA; CFSAN reflects only a small proportion of all events. The data suggest that consumers attribute a significant proportion of serious health outcomes to cosmetics," the article concludes.


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Materials provided by The JAMA Network Journals. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Michael Kwa, Leah J. Welty, Shuai Xu. Adverse Events Reported to the US Food and Drug Administration for Cosmetics and Personal Care Products. JAMA Internal Medicine, 2017; DOI: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.2762

Cite This Page:

The JAMA Network Journals. "How many adverse events are reported to FDA for cosmetics, personal care?." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 June 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170626124554.htm>.
The JAMA Network Journals. (2017, June 26). How many adverse events are reported to FDA for cosmetics, personal care?. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 18, 2024 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170626124554.htm
The JAMA Network Journals. "How many adverse events are reported to FDA for cosmetics, personal care?." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170626124554.htm (accessed April 18, 2024).

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