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New approach needed to address Anthropocene risk

July 22, 2019
Colorado State University
A team of international researchers suggest adopting a holistic approach to understanding environmental risks.

A team of international researchers led by Colorado State University is calling for a new approach to understanding environmental risks in the Anthropocene, the current geological age in which humans are a dominant force of change on the planet.

Patrick Keys, a research scientist in the School of Global Environmental Sustainability at CSU, is the lead author of "Anthropocene risk," a perspective paper published July 22 in Nature Sustainability that suggests adopting a holistic approach to understanding environmental risks. Keys said the team hopes that the article is "productively provocative."

"The Anthropocene is a time of rapid global change -- socially, environmentally, and geophysically," he said. "Typical notions of neatly and cleanly delineating complex environmental risks are changing in unexpected ways. It's becoming clear that a more holistic perspective, including social history, power relations, and environmental ethics may be important components of Anthropocene risks."

As an example, Keys said it's a common belief that the civil war in Syria has been driven by drought and climate change. While those two factors more than likely played a role in what led to the civil war, it also ignores other aspects such as incentives by Syrian government officials that kept farmers on agriculturally precarious land for decades. Keys said those incentives made it possible for drought and climate change to have such an impact.

"If we ignore the social and political economic factors that deliver us to this present, we will attribute an event to being caused by the environment when, in fact, that was just one cause or the icing on top of the cake. If we look at things only in the present, we will come up with solutions to a problem defined in the present, but we may not be defining the problem correctly."

This point of view stems from Guidance for Resilience in the Anthropocene: Investments for Development (GRAID), a program based at the Stockholm Resilience Centre, where five of the paper's co-authors currently work.

In the paper, the research team explores four different cases outside of Europe and North America to highlight this way of looking at environmental risks and underline why people studying such risks must take a broader approach.

"As the Anthropocene unfolds, navigating new and emerging risks will require considering changes that happen over years, decades, centuries, or even millennia." Keys said. "In this increasingly interconnected and accelerating world, it's on us to really educate ourselves about how to interact intelligently and meaningfully to work toward a more sustainable world."

Story Source:

Materials provided by Colorado State University. Original written by Mary Guiden. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

Journal Reference:

  1. Patrick W. Keys, Victor Galaz, Michelle Dyer, Nathanial Matthews, Carl Folke, Magnus Nyström & Sarah E. Cornell. Anthropocene risk. Nature Sustainability, 2019 DOI: 10.1038/s41893-019-0327-x

Cite This Page:

Colorado State University. "New approach needed to address Anthropocene risk." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 22 July 2019. <>.
Colorado State University. (2019, July 22). New approach needed to address Anthropocene risk. ScienceDaily. Retrieved May 30, 2024 from
Colorado State University. "New approach needed to address Anthropocene risk." ScienceDaily. (accessed May 30, 2024).

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