Earth Science News
August 31, 2016

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August 31, 2016

Study on Diversity of Microbial Groups Demonstrates the Effects of Human-Caused Changes in Climate, Land Use and Other Factors

Aug. 30, 2016 — Research shows the diversity of soil bacteria, fungi and nitrogen-fixing bacteria all are better predicted by variation in environmental temperature rather than ... read more

Aug. 25, 2016 — Every year, humans advance climate change and global warming by injecting about 30 billion tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Scientists believe they've found a way to convert all these ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — Scientists says a new map of the ecological footprint of humankind shows 97 percent of the most species-rich places on Earth have been seriously ... read more

Global Climate Models Do Not Easily Downscale for Regional Predictions

Aug. 24, 2016 — One size does not always fit all, especially when it comes to global climate models, according to climate researchers who caution users of climate model projections to take into account the increased ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — An international research project has found human activity has been causing global warming for almost two centuries, proving human-induced climate change is not just a 20th century ... read more

Aug. 24, 2016 — Extreme global warming 252 million years ago caused a severe mass extinction of life on Earth. It took life up to 9 million years to recover. New study finds clues in the Arctic as to why this ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — The global impact of human activities on the natural environment is extensive, but those impacts are expanding at a slower rate than the rate of economic and population ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — Earth's climate interacts with so called surface processes -- such as landslides or river erosion -- and tectonics to shape the landscape that we see. In some regions, the sheer force of these ... read more

Aug. 23, 2016 — An international team of researchers have shown that vulnerable coral populations in the eastern tropical Pacific have been completely isolated from the rest of the Pacific Ocean for at least the ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — Geologists are using new direct methods to measure the Earth's oxygenation. They identified, for the first time, exactly how much oxygen was in Earth's atmosphere 813 million years ago -- ... read more

Aug. 22, 2016 — The April 2015 Gorkha earthquake in Nepal killed more than 8,000 people and injured more than 21,000. With a magnitude of 7.8, it was the worst natural disaster to strike Nepal since the 1934 ... read more

Antarctica's Past Shows Region's Vulnerability to Climate Change

Aug. 22, 2016 — Fresh understanding of West Antarctica has revealed how the region's ice sheet could become unstable in a warming ... read more

Aug. 19, 2016 — On August 24, 2014, just south of Napa, California, a fault in Earth suddenly slipped, violently shifting and splitting huge blocks of solid rock, 6 miles below the surface. The underground upheaval ... read more

Aug. 19, 2016 — This year's melt season in the Arctic Ocean and surrounding seas started with a bang, with a record low maximum extent in March and relatively rapid ice loss through May. One NASA sea ice ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — Sea level changes in the Pacific Ocean can be used to estimate future global surface temperatures, according to a new paper. Scientists knew both the rate at which global surface temperature is ... read more

Aug. 18, 2016 — The availability of accurate and reliable information on the location of impoverished zones is surprisingly lacking for much of the world. Applying machine learning to satellite images could identify ... read more

Mussel Flexing: Bivalve Save Drought-Stricken Marshes, Research Finds

Aug. 18, 2016 — As coastal ecosystems feel the heat of climate change worldwide, new research shows the humble mussel and marsh grass form an intimate interaction known as mutualism that benefits both partner ... read more

Aug. 17, 2016 — Thin clouds at about 5 km altitude are more ubiquitous in the tropics than previously thought and they have a substantial cooling effect on climate, report researchers. The cooling effect of ... read more

Aug. 17, 2016 — July 2016 was the warmest July in 136 years of modern record-keeping, according to a monthly analysis of global temperatures by NASA. The record warm July continued a streak of 10 consecutive months ... read more

Aug. 16, 2016 — Western communities are facing effects of a warming climate with slower and earlier snowmelt reducing streamflows and possibly the amount of water reaching reservoirs used for drinking water and ... read more

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