Albinism is a lack of pigmentation in the eyes, skin and/or hair.
Albinism is an inherited condition resulting from the combination of recessive alleles passed from both parents of an individual.
This condition is known to affect mammals, fish, birds, reptiles, and amphibians.
While the most common term for an individual affected by albinism is "albino", some prefer "person with albinism", because "albino" is sometimes used in a derogatory way.
The gene which results in albinism prevents the body from making the usual amounts of the pigment melanin.
About 1 in 17,000 people have some type of albinism, although up to 1 in 75 are carriers.