Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

On Valentine’s Day Don’t Take Someone’s Love, Or That Box Of Chocolates, For Granted

Date:
February 14, 2001
Source:
American Phytopathological Society
Summary:
Making sure there’s enough chocolate in the world may seem like a sweet-heart-of-a job. But it’s actually becoming quite a challenge. Five major diseases now threaten the world’s population of cacao trees, from which chocolate is derived. But scientists working on the problem are optimistic that their efforts to control these diseases and create sustainable growing practices will work.

St. Paul, MN (February 5, 2001) -- Making sure there’s enough chocolate in the world may seem like a sweet-heart-of-a job. But it’s actually becoming quite a challenge. Five major diseases now threaten the world’s population of cacao trees, from which chocolate is derived. But scientists working on the problem are optimistic that their efforts to control these diseases and create sustainable growing practices will work.

Related Articles


Once a substantial business, cocoa bean production in Brazil is now only one-fourth of what it was ten years ago. In most part due to the invasion of a single fungus, Crinipellis perniciosa. In West and Central Africa where much of the world’s cocoa beans are grown, losses due to another disease, black pod, range from 30 to 90% annually. Add to that the fact that black pod, like many of these diseases, has features that make it difficult to control, and you begin to understand why plant pathologists feel particularly challenged.

States John Bowers, a plant pathologist with USDA ARS in Beltsville, MD, “A complicating factor in fighting these diseases is that many of the treatments that work in other situations don’t work with the cacao tree. Producing cocoa beans is very labor and equipment intensive so many of the disease management options we would normally use are either cost-prohibitive or too time-consuming to develop.”

Since long-term solutions, such as breeding for disease resistance, or biotechnological approaches are not yet readily available, scientists have been employing the tools they do have. They're working with an international group of collaborators and growers to help them develop practices that discourage the development of disease and help prevent its spread if it does occur. Their overall objective is to work towards a sustainable cacao management system that fits within the diverse rain forest ecosystem. The strategies being investigated include biological control, induced disease resistance, crop sanitation, cultural practices, and limited use of pesticides. The challenge is to integrate all these components into a management strategy that inhibits disease development, and at the same time preserves and protects these valuable tropical ecosystems.

Right now scientists hope to keep these diseases in check while they work on developing more long-range controls. “No doubt it will be a combination of practices and new discoveries that will ultimately help us retain the health of the world’s cacao trees,” says Bowers. “We just need more time.”

Diseases impacting world chocolate production is the subject of this month’s feature story on the APS website. Visit it at http://www.apsnet.org for more information. The American Phytopathological Society (APS) is a non-profit, professional scientific organization dedicated to the study and control of plant diseases, with 5,000 members worldwide.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Phytopathological Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

American Phytopathological Society. "On Valentine’s Day Don’t Take Someone’s Love, Or That Box Of Chocolates, For Granted." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 14 February 2001. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/02/010206080700.htm>.
American Phytopathological Society. (2001, February 14). On Valentine’s Day Don’t Take Someone’s Love, Or That Box Of Chocolates, For Granted. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 19, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/02/010206080700.htm
American Phytopathological Society. "On Valentine’s Day Don’t Take Someone’s Love, Or That Box Of Chocolates, For Granted." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/02/010206080700.htm (accessed December 19, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Plants & Animals News

Friday, December 19, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Navy Unveils Robot Fish

Navy Unveils Robot Fish

Reuters - Light News Video Online (Dec. 18, 2014) The U.S. Navy unveils an underwater device that mimics the movement of a fish. Tara Cleary reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Kids Die While Under Protective Services

Kids Die While Under Protective Services

AP (Dec. 18, 2014) As part of a six-month investigation of child maltreatment deaths, the AP found that hundreds of deaths from horrific abuse and neglect could have been prevented. AP's Haven Daley reports. (Dec. 18) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
When You Lose Weight, This Is Where The Fat Goes

When You Lose Weight, This Is Where The Fat Goes

Newsy (Dec. 17, 2014) Can fat disappear into thin air? New research finds that during weight loss, over 80 percent of a person's fat molecules escape through the lungs. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
The Hottest Food Trends for 2015

The Hottest Food Trends for 2015

Buzz60 (Dec. 17, 2014) Urbanspoon predicts whicg food trends will dominate the culinary scene in 2015. Mara Montalbano (@maramontalbano) has the story. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Plants & Animals

Earth & Climate

Fossils & Ruins

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins