Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Rutgers Researcher Details Revival Of Life After Deep-Sea Volcanic Eruption

Date:
August 27, 2001
Source:
Rutgers, The State University Of New Jersey
Summary:
The rapid revival of life around hydrothermal vents on the floor of the Pacific Ocean after a lava flow had appeared to exterminate it is the subject of an article co-authored by Rutgers researcher Richard A. Lutz in the September-October issue of American Scientist magazine.

NEW BRUNSWICK/PISCATAWAY, N.J. -- The rapid revival of life around hydrothermal vents on the floor of the Pacific Ocean after a lava flow had appeared to exterminate it is the subject of an article co-authored by Rutgers researcher Richard A. Lutz in the September-October issue of American Scientist magazine.

Related Articles


Lutz is director of the Center for Deep Sea Ecology and Biotechnology at Rutgers Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences. The magazine is published by Sigma Xi, a scientific research society based in Research Triangle Park, N.C.

As described in the article, "Life After Death in the Deep Sea," Lutz first encountered the strange ecology of hydrothermal vents in the late 1970s off the coast of the Galapagos Islands.

On a subsequent expedition in 1991 to hydrothermal vents more than 2,550 meters below the surface off the coast of Mexico, the scientists found themselves in the middle of a volcanic eruption. A blanket of fresh lava killed the sea life the researchers hoped to study. Many of the creatures, such as giant tube worms, clams and fish, were instantly incinerated by lava.

In the article, Lutz details how he led a series of return trips over a nine-year period that shocked the scientific world: Not only did the researchers find new geological formations that scientists had formerly believed took eons to evolve, the scientists found an explosion of new biological life, including new life forms ranging from microscopic crustaceans to two new species of octopus.

The creatures living around thermal vents function without light and near vent water that would seem too hot and toxic to support life, reports Lutz. Among them are worms, clams, mussels, mollusks, octopuses, fish, crabs and other crustaceans. To date, he notes in the article, more than 500 new species have been found at vent sites throughout the world's oceans.

Some of the strangest are two kinds of vent worms: the tubeworm (Riftia pachyptila), which can grow to 6 feet tall, yet has no eyes, mouth, stomach or gut, and the hairy, 5-inch Pompeii worm (Alvinella pompejana), which lives in the hottest environment of any animal on Earth, he notes.

Lutz's co-authors are Timothy M. Shank, an assistant scientist in the department of biology at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Woods Hole, Mass., and Robert Evans, a free-lance writer based in California.

The research was supported by the National Science Foundation, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Sea Grant College Program, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Rutgers, The State University Of New Jersey. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Rutgers, The State University Of New Jersey. "Rutgers Researcher Details Revival Of Life After Deep-Sea Volcanic Eruption." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 27 August 2001. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/08/010824081441.htm>.
Rutgers, The State University Of New Jersey. (2001, August 27). Rutgers Researcher Details Revival Of Life After Deep-Sea Volcanic Eruption. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/08/010824081441.htm
Rutgers, The State University Of New Jersey. "Rutgers Researcher Details Revival Of Life After Deep-Sea Volcanic Eruption." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/08/010824081441.htm (accessed November 24, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Plants & Animals News

Monday, November 24, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Winter Can Cause Depression — Here's How To Combat It

Winter Can Cause Depression — Here's How To Combat It

Newsy (Nov. 23, 2014) — Millions of American suffer from seasonal depression every year. It can lead to adverse health effects, but there are ways to ease symptoms. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Late Cocoa Leaves Bitter Taste

Ebola-Hit Sierra Leone's Late Cocoa Leaves Bitter Taste

AFP (Nov. 23, 2014) — The arable district of Kenema in Sierra Leone -- at the centre of the Ebola outbreak in May -- has been under quarantine for three months as the cocoa harvest comes in. Duration: 01:32 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Anglerfish Rarely Seen In Its Habitat Will Haunt You

Anglerfish Rarely Seen In Its Habitat Will Haunt You

Newsy (Nov. 22, 2014) — For the first time Monterey Bay Aquarium recorded a video of the elusive, creepy and rarely seen anglerfish. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Birds Around the World Take Flight

Birds Around the World Take Flight

Reuters - Light News Video Online (Nov. 22, 2014) — An imperial eagle equipped with a camera spreads its wings over London. It's just one of the many birds making headlines in this week's "animal roundup". Jillian Kitchener reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories

 

Plants & Animals

Earth & Climate

Fossils & Ruins

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins