Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Scientists Investigate Probiotic Use In Poultry, Develop New Tests

Date:
January 19, 2004
Source:
USDA / Agricultural Research Service
Summary:
Agricultural Research Service scientists in Fayetteville, Ark., have found several promising intestinal bacteria that could protect live chickens from Salmonella, Campylobacter and other pathogens that cause foodborne illness in people who eat poultry.

Candidate good bacteria outcompete pathogens in the laboratory. Here, physiologist Annie Donoghue gives a combination of these bacteria to a turkey poult to test their efficacy in the live bird.
Credit: Photo by Stephen Ausmus / Agricultural Research Service

Agricultural Research Service scientists in Fayetteville, Ark., have found several promising intestinal bacteria that could protect live chickens from Salmonella, Campylobacter and other pathogens that cause foodborne illness in people who eat poultry.

Related Articles


To prevent contamination of the meat, it's important to prevent the pathogens from taking hold inside the intestinal tracts of the live birds. ARS scientists are getting a better understanding of how live beneficial bacteria, called probiotics, influence the gut's microbial environment and interact with other bacteria. Probiotics contribute to the intestinal tract's health and balance. They are given orally to poultry to help the birds fight illness and disease.

Annie Donoghue, a poultry physiologist at ARS' Poultry Production and Product Safety Research Unit in Fayetteville, is leading a team of ARS and University of Arkansas researchers in finding new, healthful bacteria that, when fed to live birds, help them resist harmful pathogens and grow more efficiently.

Using a concept known as competitive exclusion, probiotics are fed to newly hatched poults. Once inside, the probiotics occupy sites in the young bird's intestinal tract where the pathogens would normally attach and grow. Since probiotics get there first, they reduce the opportunity for pathogenic bacteria to become established in newly hatched poults when they are most susceptible to infection.

The team has already screened more than 4 million intestinal isolates to come up with several promising probiotic combinations. The University of Arkansas and ARS have filed a patent on the selection techniques.

By using preselected "good" microbes, the researchers hope to produce inexpensive, identified bacterial cultures with the ability to reduce or exclude specific pathogens and enhance enteric health in poultry. They have developed multiple in vitro selection systems for identifying potential probiotics.

These new selection techniques make probiotics production less expensive. This could lower the price of poultry and make it less likely to be a source of foodborne illness.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by USDA / Agricultural Research Service. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

USDA / Agricultural Research Service. "Scientists Investigate Probiotic Use In Poultry, Develop New Tests." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 19 January 2004. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/01/040116074138.htm>.
USDA / Agricultural Research Service. (2004, January 19). Scientists Investigate Probiotic Use In Poultry, Develop New Tests. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/01/040116074138.htm
USDA / Agricultural Research Service. "Scientists Investigate Probiotic Use In Poultry, Develop New Tests." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/01/040116074138.htm (accessed November 22, 2014).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Plants & Animals News

Saturday, November 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Could Your Genes Be The Reason You're Single?

Could Your Genes Be The Reason You're Single?

Newsy (Nov. 21, 2014) Researchers in Beijing discovered a gene called 5-HTA1, and carriers are reportedly 20 percent more likely to be single. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Raw: Baby Okapi Born at Houston Zoo

Raw: Baby Okapi Born at Houston Zoo

AP (Nov. 20, 2014) The Houston Zoo released video of a male baby okapi. Okapis, also known as the "forest giraffe", are native to the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Central Africa. Video is mute from source. (Nov. 20) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Your Complicated Job Might Keep Your Brain Young

Your Complicated Job Might Keep Your Brain Young

Newsy (Nov. 20, 2014) Researchers at the University of Edinburgh found the more complex your job is, the sharper your cognitive skills will likely be as you age. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Mysterious Glow Worms Found in the Amazon

Mysterious Glow Worms Found in the Amazon

Buzz60 (Nov. 20, 2014) Wildlife photographer Jeff Cremer teamed up with entomologist Aaron Pomerantz and others to investigate a predatory glow worm found in the Amazon. Patrick Jones (@Patrick_E_Jones) explains. Video provided by Buzz60
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Plants & Animals

Earth & Climate

Fossils & Ruins

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins