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Silicon Nanotubes For Hydrogen Storage In Fuel Cell Vehicles

Date:
April 24, 2008
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
After powering the micro-electronics revolution, silicon could carve out an important new role in speeding the debut of ultra-clean fuel cell vehicles powered by hydrogen, researchers in China suggest. Their calculations show for the first time that silicon nanotubes can store hydrogen more efficiently than their carbon nanotube counterparts.

Researchers report hydrogen storage by silicon nanotubes exceeds that of their carbon counterparts. Silicon could play a large role in the emergence of "clean" hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.
Credit: ornl.gov

After powering the micro-electronics revolution, silicon could carve out an important new role in speeding the debut of ultra-clean fuel cell vehicles powered by hydrogen, researchers in China suggest. Their calculations show for the first time that silicon nanotubes can store hydrogen more efficiently than their carbon nanotube counterparts.

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Dapeng Cao and colleagues note that researchers have focused on the potential use of carbon nanotubes for storing hydrogen in fuel cell vehicles for years. Despite nanotubes' great promise, they have been unable to meet the hydrogen storage goals proposed by the U.S. Department of Energy for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. A more efficient material for hydrogen storage is needed, scientists say.

In the study, Cao's group used powerful molecular modeling tools to compare the hydrogen storage capacities of newly developed silicon nanotubes to carbon nanotubes. They found that, in theory, silicon nanotubes can absorb hydrogen molecules more efficiently than carbon nanotubes under normal fuel cell operating conditions. The calculations pave the way for tests to determine whether silicon nanotubes can meet government standards for hydrogen storage, the scientists note.

The article "Silicon Nanotube as a Promising Candidate for Hydrogen Storage: From the First Principle Calculations to Grand Canonical Monte Carlo Simulations" will appear in the April 24 issue of ACS' Journal of Physical Chemistry C.


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The above story is based on materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "Silicon Nanotubes For Hydrogen Storage In Fuel Cell Vehicles." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 24 April 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080421123120.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2008, April 24). Silicon Nanotubes For Hydrogen Storage In Fuel Cell Vehicles. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 25, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080421123120.htm
American Chemical Society. "Silicon Nanotubes For Hydrogen Storage In Fuel Cell Vehicles." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080421123120.htm (accessed January 25, 2015).

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