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Controlled Growth Of Truly Nanoscale Single Crystal Fullerites For Device Applications

Date:
July 21, 2008
Source:
University of Surrey
Summary:
Researchers have found a way to make ultra-small pure carbon crystals entirely formed from the spherical carbon 'buckyball' molecule known as C60. The method used involves mixing two liquids together, one of which contains C60, at low temperature.

C60 fullerites. Lozenge-shaped crystals can be quickly obtained with widths of 80 nanometers, which is about 100,000 times smaller than the width of a pencil.
Credit: Image courtesy of University of Surrey

University of Surrey researchers have found a way to make ultra-small pure carbon crystals entirely formed from the spherical carbon ‘buckyball’ molecule known as C60. The method used involves mixing two liquids together, one of which contains C60, at low temperature.

Lozenge shaped crystals can be quickly obtained with widths of 80 nm which is about 100,000 times smaller than the width of a pencil and much smaller than previously thought possible using this method. The electronic properties of the C60 molecules that make up the small crystals are of particular importance for developing new nanoelectronic devices such as solar cells and gas sensors. This new development may therefore allow researchers to accelerate the development of these nanotechnologies based on this simple method of making these high purity ultra-small C60 components.

The work, which was recently highlighted on the cover the Journal of Materials Chemistry, demonstrates a fast and simple method of making C60 fullerite crystals with diameters of 80 nm. Importantly for future applications the fullerites are produced in high yield and their shape controlled through the variation of solvent, concentration and temperature. Significantly this work demonstrates that existing models of fullerite growth need re-evaluating as these models predict a minimum size of ~400 nm, well above that demonstrated by the team.

The ability to produce large quantities of fullerites raises the potential for their incorporation into devices to enhance a desired property [1]. Possible applications of fullerite rods include adsorbents, catalysts and membranes due to their relatively high surface area to volume ratio. Potential electronic devices that may benefit from such materials include n-type organic transistors due to relatively high electron mobility of C60 (~0.1 cm-2V-1s-1), optical devices, thin film organic solar cells, organic light emitting diodes and photodetectors.

Researcher Lok Cee Chong said: “The ability to control fullerite growth on a nanoscale may lead to a number of exciting applications. We are just beginning to obtain glimpses of these in my current work as I complete my PhD”.

Dr Richard Curry who leads this research said: “The results of this work are of immediate significance to a wide range of technologies that use organic materials. These new nanoscale carbon materials will allow us to continue to develop enhanced devices such as sensors and solar cells to address the grand challenges facing society today”.

Prof Ravi Silva, Director of the Advanced Technology Institute (ATI), said: “This is very exciting work of the type that leads to further serendipitous discoveries. Ultimately it demonstrates how the ATI and wider research carried out in the UK continues to lead the world in the development of new technologies”.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Surrey. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. L. C. Chong et al. Controlled growth of true nanoscale single crystal fullerites for device applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2008; 18 (28): 3319 DOI: 10.1039/b802417k

Cite This Page:

University of Surrey. "Controlled Growth Of Truly Nanoscale Single Crystal Fullerites For Device Applications." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 21 July 2008. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080714150657.htm>.
University of Surrey. (2008, July 21). Controlled Growth Of Truly Nanoscale Single Crystal Fullerites For Device Applications. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 17, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080714150657.htm
University of Surrey. "Controlled Growth Of Truly Nanoscale Single Crystal Fullerites For Device Applications." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/080714150657.htm (accessed September 17, 2014).

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