International environmental law on biological diversity is now being called into question in a dissertation at Uppsala University. Unclear legislation entails that biological diversity falls under an old legal system, and this negatively affects coordinated efforts, according to Ađalheiđur Jóhannsdóttir.
On March 5 she will publicly defend her dissertation in environmental law. International environmental law involving biological diversity, the object of study, is called into question.
“What we have found is that there are clear weaknesses throughout international law. This means that the old fundamental rules apply instead,” says Ađalheiđur Jóhannsdóttir.
She studied the rules and regulations surrounding biological diversity in order to find out how far the regulations go. But the jurisprudence underpinning environmental law is entirely too weak, so the old norms apply instead, according to Ađalheiđur Jóhannsdóttir. “Each country decides for itself what they want to do with their own land, their own water, and their natural resources,” she says, adding: “This is not sustainable in the long term. We would never attain the objectives of sustainable development.”
International environmental law is dependent on coordinated efforts to save and preserve the environment, and as early as 2010 it is projected that the loss of biological diversity will start to be reversed.
“But considering the legislation that is in place, this is not a realistic goal. Getting there requires a paradigm shift in law,” says Ađalheiđur Jóhannsdóttir.
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