Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Targeted Agent Shows Promise In Biliary Cancer Study

Date:
April 24, 2009
Source:
Ohio State University Medical Center
Summary:
An experimental agent has shown promising results in people with advanced biliary cancer, according new research. The agent, known as AZD6244, blocks enzymes cancer cells need to proliferate and survive.

An experimental agent has shown promising results in people with advanced biliary cancer, according to a multi-institutional clinical trial led by cancer researchers at the Ohio State University.

The agent, known as AZD6244 (ARRY-142886), blocks certain enzymes that cancer cells need to proliferate and survive.

About 100,000 patients are diagnosed with biliary cancer worldwide every year, representing 15-20 percent of all liver cancer cases. Most patients present at later stages of the disease, which has a universally poor outcome.

The findings of the 28-patient, phase II study will be reported April 20 at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research in Denver, Colorado.

"This is a malignancy for which there is no standard of care," says the study's principal investigator Dr. Tanios Bekaii-Saab, assistant professor of medicine and pharmacology, and a medical oncologist who specializes in gastrointestinal cancers at Ohio State's Comprehensive Cancer Center-James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute.

"And while it is a small study, it provides a strong rational for developing this agent further in larger trials either alone or in combination with other drugs, with the hope that we can establish a new standard of care for biliary cancers in the near future."

Bekaii-Saab noted that the average progression-free survival achieved by patients in the study was one of the highest reported in the literature for this malignancy with many patients gaining weight in a disease that is typically associated with significant weight loss. The drug, which is administered orally, seems to be well tolerated with mild toxicities.

The agent belongs to a class of drugs called protein kinase inhibitors. This particular drug targets a protein kinase called MEK 1/2, which is part of a chemical pathway that is often damaged in many biliary cancer cases, Bekaii-Saab says.

In addition to Ohio State, study sites included the University of North Carolina, Vanderbilt University and Emory University.

The patients, with an average age of 56 years, had advanced (metastatic) biliary cancer.

By the trial's end, one patient had a complete response to the treatment (the tumor shrank until it was undetectable), two patients had partial tumor shrinkage and 17 patients showed no further growth in tumor size; that is, they had stable disease which often was durable.

A preliminary analysis of the study shows that patients experienced no cancer progression for 5.4 months on average, a time almost double what would typically be expected with therapy in biliary cancer. This is despite the fact that 40 percent of patients had one prior therapy before receiving AZD6244. A more final analysis of the study is underway.

Patients who lacked a target protein called pERK did not seem to respond to the drug, suggesting that the drug may not work if the protein is missing in the cancer cells. "This is an important finding, as it suggests that we may be able to identify patients who may not respond to the drug in the future," he adds.

Funding from the National Cancer Institute supported this research.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Ohio State University Medical Center. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Ohio State University Medical Center. "Targeted Agent Shows Promise In Biliary Cancer Study." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 24 April 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090420151229.htm>.
Ohio State University Medical Center. (2009, April 24). Targeted Agent Shows Promise In Biliary Cancer Study. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 25, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090420151229.htm
Ohio State University Medical Center. "Targeted Agent Shows Promise In Biliary Cancer Study." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090420151229.htm (accessed July 25, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Friday, July 25, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Beatings and Addiction: Pakistan Drug 'clinic' Tortures Patients

Beatings and Addiction: Pakistan Drug 'clinic' Tortures Patients

AFP (July 24, 2014) — A so-called drugs rehab 'clinic' is closed down in Pakistan after police find scores of ‘patients’ chained up alleging serial abuse. Duration 03:05 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Too Few Teens Receiving HPV Vaccination, CDC Says

Too Few Teens Receiving HPV Vaccination, CDC Says

Newsy (July 24, 2014) — The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is blaming doctors for the low number of children being vaccinated for HPV. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

New Painkiller Designed To Discourage Abuse: Will It Work?

Newsy (July 24, 2014) — The FDA approved Targiniq ER on Wednesday, a painkiller designed to keep users from abusing it. Like any new medication, however, it has doubters. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Doctor At Forefront Of Fighting Ebola Outbreak Gets Ebola

Doctor At Forefront Of Fighting Ebola Outbreak Gets Ebola

Newsy (July 24, 2014) — Sheik Umar Khan has treated many of the people infected in the Ebola outbreak, and now he's become one of them. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
 
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:  

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:  

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile iPhone Android Web
Follow Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins