Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Patient referrals cause differences in hospital infection rates

Date:
March 19, 2010
Source:
Public Library of Science
Summary:
Patient referrals between hospitals influence the rates of hospital-acquired infections such as MRSA, according to a new study. The findings explain that referred patients, who have the potential to carry a hospital-acquired infection with them, are more likely to be admitted to University Medical Centers than to teaching or general hospitals.

Patient referrals between hospitals influence the rates of hospital-acquired infections such as MRSA, according to a study by researchers based in the Netherlands. The findings, published March 19 in the open-access journal PLoS Computational Biology, explain that referred patients, who have the potential to carry a hospital-acquired infection with them, are more likely to be admitted to University Medical Centers than to teaching or general hospitals.

Related Articles


The prevalence of hospital-acquired infection is widely believed to reflect the quality of hygiene and health care in individual hospitals, and is therefore often used as a benchmark for hospital quality. However, this assumes that the rate at which patients introduce infections is equal for all hospitals. The authors, from the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, the University Medical Center Groningen, and the University Medical Center Utrecht, show that this assumption is unlikely to be correct.

The authors used patient admissions data, gathered from the National Medical Registry, to reconstruct the entire hospital network of the Netherlands. The University Medical Centers were shown to be central to this network as they admit more patients who have recently stayed in other hospitals. Therefore, the authors conclude, the University Medical Centers are more likely to admit patients that still carry pathogens acquired during previous hospital visits, thus raising their rates of hospital-acquired infections.

The authors show that this difference in connectedness within the network results in differences in prevalence of hospital-acquired infections by using an individual-based model. As a consequence the authors suggest that interventions should therefore focus on hospitals that are central in the network of patient referrals.

The authors note that their methods do not account for transmission outside the hospitals. If community transmission of hospital-acquired infections becomes a significant factor, the observed effect will be diluted.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Public Library of Science. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Donker et al. Patient Referral Patterns and the Spread of Hospital-Acquired Infections through National Health Care Networks. PLoS Computational Biology, 2010; 6 (3): e1000715 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000715

Cite This Page:

Public Library of Science. "Patient referrals cause differences in hospital infection rates." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 19 March 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100319085304.htm>.
Public Library of Science. (2010, March 19). Patient referrals cause differences in hospital infection rates. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 28, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100319085304.htm
Public Library of Science. "Patient referrals cause differences in hospital infection rates." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100319085304.htm (accessed January 28, 2015).

Share This


More From ScienceDaily



More Health & Medicine News

Wednesday, January 28, 2015

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Malnutrition on the Rise as Violence Flares in C. Africa

Malnutrition on the Rise as Violence Flares in C. Africa

AFP (Jan. 28, 2015) Violence can flare up at any moment in Bambari with only a bridge separating Muslims and Christians. Malnutrition is on the rise and lack of water means simple cooking fires threaten to destroy makeshift camps where people are living. Duration: 00:40 Video provided by AFP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Poultry Culled in Taiwan to Thwart Bird Flu

Poultry Culled in Taiwan to Thwart Bird Flu

Reuters - News Video Online (Jan. 28, 2015) Taiwan culls over a million poultry in efforts to halt various strains of avian flu. Julie Noce reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Media Criticizing Parents For Not Vaccinating Children

Media Criticizing Parents For Not Vaccinating Children

Newsy (Jan. 28, 2015) As the Disneyland measles outbreak continues to spread, the media says parents who choose not to vaccinate their children are part of the cause. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Shark Bite Victim Making Amazing Recovery

Shark Bite Victim Making Amazing Recovery

AP (Jan. 27, 2015) A Texas woman who lost more than five pounds of flesh to a shark in the Bahamas earlier this month could be released from a Florida hospital soon. Experts believe she was bitten by a bull shark while snorkeling. (Jan. 27) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins