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Prescription drug could boost effects of vaccines for HIV and other diseases

Date:
May 7, 2010
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
A prescription drug already approved to treat genital warts and skin cancer may have a new use in boosting the effectiveness of future vaccines for bacterial and viral diseases, such as hepatitis C and HIV.

A prescription drug already approved to treat genital warts and skin cancer may have a new use in boosting the effectiveness of future vaccines for bacterial and viral diseases, such as hepatitis C and HIV (the AIDS virus). These findings appear in ACS' Molecular Pharmaceutics, a bi-monthly journal.

John Pesce and colleagues at the Naval Medical Research Center and UC-Berkeley note that vaccines prepared from weakened or inactivated viruses or bacteria have had enormous success in preventing polio, influenza, and other diseases. However, vaccines containing living or weakened viruses cannot be used for HIV, hepatitis C, and other devastating diseases due to safety concerns.

Scientists are instead trying to develop a new generation of vaccines, made with DNA or proteins from infectious agents that can prevent illness without carrying a risk of causing the diseases. These vaccines will be weaker than conventional vaccines and require a new generation of "adjuvants," ingredients that boost a vaccine's immunogenicity.

The report identifies a promising candidate in the form of imiquimod, an immune-boosting drug already in general use. The scientists coated imiquimod with dextran-based microparticles in hopes of increasing the efficiency of cellular uptake by cells associated with immune response initiation. Sure enough, the coated drug significantly boosted levels of inflammatory cytokines in laboratory cultures of immune cells from mice. The findings have "broad significance" and open the door to more extensive testing of the approach, they indicate.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Eric M. Bachelder, Tristan T. Beaudette, Kyle E. Broaders, Jean M. J. Fre%u0301chet, Mark T. Albrecht, Alfred J. Mateczun, Kristy M. Ainslie, John T. Pesce, Andrea M. Keane-Myers. In Vitro Analysis of Acetalated Dextran Microparticles as a Potent Delivery Platform for Vaccine Adjuvants. Molecular Pharmaceutics, 2010; 100401145321080 DOI: 10.1021/mp900311x

Cite This Page:

American Chemical Society. "Prescription drug could boost effects of vaccines for HIV and other diseases." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 May 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100505113251.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2010, May 7). Prescription drug could boost effects of vaccines for HIV and other diseases. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 16, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100505113251.htm
American Chemical Society. "Prescription drug could boost effects of vaccines for HIV and other diseases." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100505113251.htm (accessed April 16, 2014).

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