Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Risk of bleeding among patients taking two anti-platelet drugs

Date:
November 23, 2010
Source:
JAMA and Archives Journals
Summary:
Dual antiplatelet therapy -- treatment with the medications clopidogrel and aspirin together to prevent blood clots -- poses a clinically significant risk of hemorrhage that should be considered before prescribing, according to a new report.

Dual antiplatelet therapy -- treatment with the medications clopidogrel and aspirin together to prevent blood clots -- poses a clinically significant risk of hemorrhage that should be considered before prescribing, according to a report in the November 22 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine.

Dual antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel plus aspirin is commonly used to prevent blood clots in patients with cardiovascular disease, according to background information in the article. The treatment has demonstrated a benefit in reducing the formation of clots in stents and also in preventing blocked blood vessels in patients who have had a heart attack or other form of acute coronary syndrome. Although warfarin remains the standard of care for treatment of a wide variety of clot-related conditions, the strategy of dual antiplatelet therapy has gained increased attention as an alternative for some patients.

Nadine Shehab, Pharm.D., M.P.H., of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, and colleagues used national databases to identify emergency department visits for hemorrhage-related adverse events from either dual antiplatelet therapy or warfarin between 2006 and 2008.

The researchers identified 384 annual emergency department visits for hemorrhage-related adverse events among patients taking dual antiplatelet therapy and 2,926 annual visits for those taking warfarin. Approximately 60 percent of emergency department visits for dual antiplatelet therapy consisted of epistaxis (nosebleeds) or minor hemorrhages. The estimated rate of emergency department visits was 1.2 per 1,000 outpatient prescription visits among patients taking dual antiplatelet therapy compared with 2.5 per 1,000 outpatient prescription visits taking warfarin.

"Although we found the overall risk of hemorrhage-related emergency department visits to be three-fold higher for warfarin than for clopidogrel plus aspirin, a little more than one-half of the emergency department visits for acute hemorrhages due to warfarin were composed of minor hemorrhages and one-quarter of warfarin-related emergency department visits, overall, were for elevation of laboratory coagulation variables without documentation of hemorrhage," the authors write. When only documented hemorrhages were considered, the risk of an emergency department visit was only doubled (rather than tripled) among warfarin users compared with those taking clopidogrel plus aspirin.

"The beneficial role of dual antiplatelet therapy is well established in patients with acute coronary syndromes and may potentially expand to a subset of patients with atrial fibrillation," the authors conclude. "Ultimately, for each patient, the hemorrhagic risk associated with dual antiplatelet therapy will be determined by his or her specific demographic and clinical risk factors, underlying diagnosis, treatment setting and quality of clinical care. Broadly, however, these nationally representative findings on adverse events indicate that the hemorrhagic risk of clopidogrel plus aspirin therapy is substantial and suggest a need to approach that risk with vigilance."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by JAMA and Archives Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. N. Shehab, L. S. Sperling, S. R. Kegler, D. S. Budnitz. National Estimates of Emergency Department Visits for Hemorrhage-Related Adverse Events From Clopidogrel Plus Aspirin and From Warfarin. Archives of Internal Medicine, 2010; 170 (21): 1926 DOI: 10.1001/archinternmed.2010.407

Cite This Page:

JAMA and Archives Journals. "Risk of bleeding among patients taking two anti-platelet drugs." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 November 2010. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101122172125.htm>.
JAMA and Archives Journals. (2010, November 23). Risk of bleeding among patients taking two anti-platelet drugs. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 18, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101122172125.htm
JAMA and Archives Journals. "Risk of bleeding among patients taking two anti-platelet drugs." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101122172125.htm (accessed April 18, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Friday, April 18, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

'Holy Grail' Of Weight Loss? New Find Could Be It

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) In a potential breakthrough for future obesity treatments, scientists have used MRI scans to pinpoint brown fat in a living adult for the first time. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Little Progress Made In Fighting Food Poisoning, CDC Says

Newsy (Apr. 18, 2014) A new report shows rates of two foodborne infections increased in the U.S. in recent years, while salmonella actually dropped 9 percent. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Scientists Create Stem Cells From Adult Skin Cells

Newsy (Apr. 17, 2014) The breakthrough could mean a cure for some serious diseases and even the possibility of human cloning, but it's all still a way off. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Obama: 8 Million Healthcare Signups

Obama: 8 Million Healthcare Signups

AP (Apr. 17, 2014) President Barack Obama gave a briefing Thursday announcing 8 million people have signed up under the Affordable Care Act. He blasted continued Republican efforts to repeal the law. (April 17) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins