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Green facades are the future

Date:
June 29, 2011
Source:
Delft University of Technology
Summary:
Green facades and roofs are a current trend in building. Recent research in the Netherlands focused specifically on facades and sees considerable benefits in creating vertical vegetation. Among other things, the plants help to absorb hazardous fine dust particles from the air.
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Green facades and roofs are a current trend in building. Researcher Marc Ottelé focused specifically on facades and sees considerable benefits in creating vertical vegetation. Among other things, the plants help to absorb hazardous fine dust from the air. Ottelé obtained his doctorate from TU Delft on this subject on June 28, 2011.

Air pollution

According to Ottelé, "So-called vertical greenery is becoming an increasingly attractive option in designing modern buildings. Vertical vegetation contributes to the improvement of the thermal conduct (insulating properties) of buildings, to increased biodiversity as well as to their aesthetic and social aspects, but also helps to reduce air polluting substances such as fine dust particles and carbon dioxide."

Fine dust

In his research, Ottelé was able to experimentally confirm that plants on exterior walls do indeed absorb fine dust. "With image manipulating software and recordings taken by an electron microscope, we succeeded in investigating fine dust particles directly on the leaves. We can also identify the size and the number of particles." The accumulation of fine dust particles on leave surfaces is important for public health. Densely populated urban areas in particular are affected by dust particles smaller than 10 micrometres, as these particles are inhaled deep into the respiratory tract and are detrimental to health.

Insulating

Ottelé confirms other potential advantages of green facades. "Our measurements show that vegetation can also reduce ambient wind speed. The results also demonstrate that vertical vegetation has a positive effect on the insulating properties of buildings."

Two types

The latter applies particularly to so-called living wall systems. Ottelé explains: "There are two main types of vertical greenery: green facades and living wall systems. Facades are made green by means of climbing plants, either growing directly against a wall or indirectly by means of constructional aids. Living wall systems are integrated or prefab systems that are fitted to a construction or supporting frames in which the plants take root. Living wall systems are a relatively new and little researched technology."


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The above post is reprinted from materials provided by Delft University of Technology. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


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Delft University of Technology. "Green facades are the future." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 29 June 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110629124458.htm>.
Delft University of Technology. (2011, June 29). Green facades are the future. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 30, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110629124458.htm
Delft University of Technology. "Green facades are the future." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110629124458.htm (accessed July 30, 2015).

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