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New way to rate severity of colitis, a common cause of diarrhea

Date:
December 5, 2011
Source:
Mayo Clinic
Summary:
Researchers have developed a new way to assess a common cause of chronic diarrhea, microscopic colitis, using the Microscopic Colitis Disease Activity Index. The index provides a consistent way to assess the condition's severity.

Mayo Clinic researchers have developed a new way to assess a common cause of chronic diarrhea, microscopic colitis, using the Microscopic Colitis Disease Activity Index. A study describing the index was released October 31 during the American College of Gastroenterology 2011 Annual Scientific Meeting and Postgraduate Course in Washington. The index provides a consistent way to assess the condition's severity.

"Until now, physicians have not had a way to objectively and consistently score the severity of a patient's disease beyond simply counting the number of bowel movements per day," says author Darrell Pardi, M.D., a Mayo Clinic gastroenterologist. The assessment also accounts for symptoms other than diarrhea, such as abdominal pain, urgency, and incontinence.

"This assessment is a significant step forward, as it correlates a patient's symptoms with the physicians' understanding of the severity of microscopic colitis," Dr. Pardi says. Using the assessment index in future studies, researchers will more easily compare treatments for this condition.

Microscopic colitis is recognized as a common cause of chronic diarrhea, causing perhaps 30 percent of all cases of the condition in older patients. Microscopic colitis is a chronic, inflammatory condition of the large intestine (colon) that causes watery diarrhea and, sometimes, abdominal pain. The disorder gets its name from the microscopic examination of tissue required to identify it.

Other study authors include: Rami F. Abboud, M.D.; Meredith McNally, M.D.; William J. Tremaine, M.D.; William J. Sandborn, M.D.; Patricia P. Kammer, M.D.; W. Scott Harmsen, M.D.; Alan R. Zinsmeister, M.D.; Edward V. Loftus, M.D.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Mayo Clinic. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Mayo Clinic. "New way to rate severity of colitis, a common cause of diarrhea." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 5 December 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111031132213.htm>.
Mayo Clinic. (2011, December 5). New way to rate severity of colitis, a common cause of diarrhea. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 18, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111031132213.htm
Mayo Clinic. "New way to rate severity of colitis, a common cause of diarrhea." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111031132213.htm (accessed April 18, 2014).

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