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Grafted watermelon plants take in more pesticides

Date:
January 26, 2012
Source:
American Chemical Society
Summary:
The widely used farm practice of grafting watermelon and other melon plants onto squash or pumpkin rootstocks results in larger amounts of certain pesticides in the melon fruit, scientists are reporting in a new study. Although only low amounts of pesticides appeared in the fruit in the study, the scientists advise that commercial farmers use "caution" when grafting watermelon plants to squash.
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FULL STORY

The widely used farm practice of grafting watermelon and other melon plants onto squash or pumpkin rootstocks results in larger amounts of certain pesticides in the melon fruit, scientists are reporting in a new study. Although only low amounts of pesticides appeared in the fruit in the study, the scientists advise that commercial farmers use "caution" when grafting watermelon plants to squash in a report that appears in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

Mehmet Isleyen and colleagues explain that farmers graft watermelon and other fruits onto the roots of gourd plants because it makes the fruit more resistant to diseases. In Turkey, where the group did the study, more than 95 percent of watermelons grow from grafted seedlings. Although the gourds are hardier, previous research has shown they accumulate pesticides called organochlorines. Organochlorines have been widely banned because of concerns about their effects on human health and wildlife. Despite the fact that their remnants can linger in the soil for decades, some organochlorines remain in use. While traditional watermelon plants do not take up these compounds, the researchers wanted to resolve uncertainty about watermelon grown on the roots of plants in the squash family.

The group grew common Turkish watermelon-squash graft seedlings in soil taken from a farming region there. They tested the roots, stems, leaves and fruit of the plants and found that organochlorine levels were as much as 140 times higher in the stems of squash-grafted watermelons than in intact watermelons. However, while still urging caution, the group notes that these levels are 6-12 times lower than accepted limits of the pesticides in produce in the U.S. and Turkey.

The authors acknowledge funding from The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by American Chemical Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Mehmet Isleyen, Pinar Sevim, Jason C. White. Accumulation of Weathered p,p′-DDTs in Grafted Watermelon. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2012; 120118104919000 DOI: 10.1021/jf204150s

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American Chemical Society. "Grafted watermelon plants take in more pesticides." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 January 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/01/120125101952.htm>.
American Chemical Society. (2012, January 26). Grafted watermelon plants take in more pesticides. ScienceDaily. Retrieved August 28, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/01/120125101952.htm
American Chemical Society. "Grafted watermelon plants take in more pesticides." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/01/120125101952.htm (accessed August 28, 2015).

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