Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

New eye imaging techniques are on the horizon

Date:
May 7, 2012
Source:
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Summary:
The same technology used by astronomers to obtain clear views of distant stars is now being used by optometrists to perform incredibly detailed examinations of the living eye.

The same technology used by astronomers to obtain clear views of distant stars is now being used by optometrists to perform incredibly detailed examinations of the living eye.

Related Articles


An update on new developments in ocular imaging techniques -- and how they may affect clinical vision care in the not-too-distant future -- is presented in an article titled "Adaptive Optics Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope-based Microperimetry" published in a special May issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry.

Cutting-edge techniques now allow researchers to visualize the fine structure of the eye in a way that was "not conceivable 20 years ago," according to a guest editorial by Scott Read OD PhD FAAO (Candidate) and colleagues. "As these advanced imaging methods continue to develop, the potential for imaging ocular structures down to the cellular level in everyday clinical practice has become a reality -- and the potential to improve patient care is truly stunning," Dr Read and coauthors add.

New Techniques Provide Cellular-Level Images of the Living Eye The special issue presents 30 reports on the latest, most advanced techniques for imaging and measurement of various eye structures: the retina and optic nerve, lens and ciliary body, and the anterior eye. Written by leading researchers and clinicians, the contributions provide a fascinating look at these remarkable new technologies, with a glimpse of their likely extensions into clinical practice.

As just one example, William S. Tuten, OD, MS, and colleagues of the University of California, Berkeley, report on the development and use of an "adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscope." Adaptive optics refers to the use of advanced techniques to correct for optical aberrations through any transparent media. Originally developed for use in telescopes to correct for the distorting effects of the atmosphere, adaptive optics is now being applied to evaluating the structure and function of the human eye.

Dr. Tuten and colleagues have applied adaptive optics to perimetry -- also known as visual field testing -- on the microscopic scale. Perimetry is an important part of evaluation for patients with vision disorders including macular degeneration, retinitis pigmentosa, and diabetic retinopathy. Perimetry measures vision in all parts of the visual field, including the peripheral vision.

Promising Applications to Improve Clinical Vision Care The new paper describes (and illustrates) the use of adaptive optics-guided microperimtery to assess visual fields at an unprecedented level of detail. The technique can not only show limitations in visual fields, but can trace the defect to individual retinal photoreceptor cells. High-speed tracking is used to correct for normal eye movement, or "jitter," that is practically undetectable using conventional imaging techniques.

In addition, by using microscopic blood vessels as anatomical landmarks, the adaptive optics technique permits repeated studies to be repeated over time at a high level of precision. This offers unique opportunities for studying how treatments work on the cellular level, as well as following the effects of treatment over time in individual patients.

"This technique opens new horizons for clinician-scientists, and later clinicians, to better understand, and plot out, the relationships between vision and the retinal photoreceptors at a microscopic level," comments Anthony Adams, OD, PhD, Editor-in-Chief of Optometry and Vision Science. "It enables a new understanding of vision loss in patients with retinal disorders where there are discrete photoreceptor losses -- for example, macular degeneration."

Adaptive optics-guided microperimetery and other advanced imaging technologies described in the special issue have the potential to revolutionize the management of eye diseases, Dr. Read and colleagues believe. They conclude, "With ongoing improvements in imaging speed and resolution, and with the application of innovative methods to improve the clinical usefulness of ocular imaging techniques, the future of ocular imaging is bright!"


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. William S. Tuten, Pavan Tiruveedhula, Austin Roorda. Adaptive Optics Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope-Based Microperimetry. Optometry and Vision Science, 2012; 89 (5): 563 DOI: 10.1097/OPX.0b013e3182512b98

Cite This Page:

Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. "New eye imaging techniques are on the horizon." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 May 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120507132017.htm>.
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (2012, May 7). New eye imaging techniques are on the horizon. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 30, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120507132017.htm
Wolters Kluwer Health: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. "New eye imaging techniques are on the horizon." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/120507132017.htm (accessed October 30, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Thursday, October 30, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Arm Restores Amputee Dexterity

Mind-Controlled Prosthetic Arm Restores Amputee Dexterity

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Oct. 29, 2014) A Swedish amputee who became the first person to ever receive a brain controlled prosthetic arm is able to manipulate and handle delicate objects with an unprecedented level of dexterity. The device is connected directly to his bone, nerves and muscles, giving him the ability to control it with his thoughts. Matthew Stock reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Google To Use Nanoparticles, Wearables To Detect Disease

Google To Use Nanoparticles, Wearables To Detect Disease

Newsy (Oct. 29, 2014) Google X wants to improve modern medicine with nanoparticles and a wearable device. It's all an attempt to tackle disease detection and prevention. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Can Drinking Milk Lead To Early Death?

Can Drinking Milk Lead To Early Death?

Newsy (Oct. 29, 2014) Researchers in Sweden released a study showing heavy milk drinkers face an increased mortality risk from a variety of causes. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Obama: The US Will Not 'run and Hide' From Ebola

Obama: The US Will Not 'run and Hide' From Ebola

AP (Oct. 29, 2014) Surrounded by health care workers in the White House East Room, President Barack Obama said the U.S. will likely see additional Ebola cases in the weeks ahead. But he said the nation can't seal itself off in the fight against the disease. (Oct. 29) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

    Environment News

    Technology News



    Save/Print:
    Share:

    Free Subscriptions


    Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

    Get Social & Mobile


    Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

    Have Feedback?


    Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
    Mobile: iPhone Android Web
    Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
    Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
    Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins