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Information theory helps unravel DNA's genetic code

Date:
September 12, 2012
Source:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Summary:
“Superinformation,” or the randomness of randomness, can be used to predict the coding and noncoding regions of DNA.

DNA consists of regions called exons, which code for the synthesis of proteins, interspersed with noncoding regions called introns. Being able to predict the different regions in a new and unannotated genome is one of the biggest challenges facing biologists today.

Now researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology in Delhi have used techniques from information theory to identify DNA introns and exons an order of magnitude faster than previously developed methods. The researchers were able to achieve this breakthrough in speed by looking at how electrical charges are distributed in the DNA nucleotide bases. This distribution, known as the dipole moment, affects the stability, solubility, melting point, and other physio-chemical properties of DNA that have been used in the past to distinguish exons and introns.

The research team computed the "superinformation," or a measure of the randomness of the randomness, for the angles of the dipole moments in a sequence of nucleotides. For both double- and single-strand forms of DNA, the superinformation of the introns was significantly higher than for the exons.

Scientists can use information about the coding and noncoding regions of DNA to better understand the human genome, potentially helping to predict how cancer and other diseases linked to DNA develop.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Institute of Physics (AIP). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Nithya Ramakrishnan, R. Bose. Dipole entropy based techniques for segmentation of introns and exons in DNA. Applied Physics Letters, 2012; 101 (8): 083701 DOI: 10.1063/1.4747205

Cite This Page:

American Institute of Physics (AIP). "Information theory helps unravel DNA's genetic code." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 12 September 2012. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120912093204.htm>.
American Institute of Physics (AIP). (2012, September 12). Information theory helps unravel DNA's genetic code. ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 24, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120912093204.htm
American Institute of Physics (AIP). "Information theory helps unravel DNA's genetic code." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120912093204.htm (accessed April 24, 2014).

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