Life Sciences News
November 30, 2015

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November 30, 2015

Nov. 26, 2015 — In bats, Toll-like receptors, the first-line defense mechanism against invading pathogens, are different from other mammals. This suggests that the way bats recognize certain pathogens may be ... read more

Nov. 26, 2015 — Yin and Yang, Venus and Mars, the Moon and the Sun, however you want to describe it, becoming a female or a male can make a big difference in your life, and not just for human beings. Researchers ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Fruit fly windpipes are much more like human blood vessels than the entryway to human lungs. To create that intricate network, fly embryonic cells must sprout "fingers" and crawl into ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — North American bison adjust their diet seasonally in order to take full advantage of the growing season when grasses become less nutritious, a new study has ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Drowning has emerged as a mysterious cause of death among groups of young common starlings (Sturnus vulgaris), according to research by a team of ... read more

Can a Bonobo Keep the Beat?

Nov. 24, 2015 — Spontaneous and synchronized drumming tempo has been assessed in a female bonobo who self-selected to participate by regularly approaching a human drummer in a designated research area within a ... read more

Nov. 24, 2015 — Don't have room for dessert? The bacteria in your gut may be telling you something. Twenty minutes after a meal, gut microbes produce proteins that can suppress food intake in animals, reports a ... read more

Nov. 24, 2015 — Biologists have succeeded in inducing one species of flatworm to grow heads and brains characteristic of another species of flatworm without altering genomic sequence. The work reveals physiological ... read more

Rats: Sniff and Track, or Run and Scan?

Nov. 24, 2015 — Strategies used by rats to identify specific targets through odor cues in a familiar environment with a known number of choices has been the focus of recent ... read more

Corn Snake Genome Sequenced for the First Time

Nov. 24, 2015 — Among the 5,000 existing species of mammals, more than 100 have their genome sequenced, whereas the genomes of only 9 species of reptiles (among 10,000 species) are available to the scientific ... read more

Understanding the Fruit Fly's Nose

Nov. 24, 2015 — New work on the fruit fly's sense of smell uses an interdisciplinary approach to learn how chemical signals control the behavior of insects. Understanding molecular mechanisms of the ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — Using a groundbreaking gene editing technique, scientists have created a strain of mosquitoes capable of rapidly introducing malaria-blocking genes into a mosquito population through its progeny, ... read more

How Do Fruit Flies Maintain Flight Stability?

Nov. 23, 2015 — Have you ever wondered why insects move in the funky ways they do? Or how physical laws shape the design of animals' sensors and neural computation for locomotion? These are a just a few of the ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — New work highlights the mechanisms of self-organization in living cells, making possible the development of science-based treatment strategies for different diseases - for example, to create ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — Bioart ranges from bacterial manipulation to glowing rabbits, cellular sculptures, and -- in the case of artist Nina Sellars -- documentation of an ear prosthetic that was implanted onto fellow ... read more

Bivalve Family Tree Offers Evolutionary Clues

Nov. 23, 2015 — Researchers have compiled the most complete look to date of the evolutionary family tree of cardiid bivalves. Bivavles include clams, oysters, cockles, mussels, scallops and numerous other organisms ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — If Pleistocene megafauna -- mastodons, mammoths, giant sloths and others -- had not become extinct, humans might not be eating pumpkin pie and squash for the holidays, according to an international ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — Genomic analysis of ancient human remains identifies specific genes that changed during and after the transition in Europe from hunting and gathering to farming about 8,500 years ago. Many of the ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — Genetic material from ancient viral infections is critical to human development, according to ... read more

New Supercomputer Simulations Enhance Understanding of Protein Motion, Function

Nov. 23, 2015 — Supercomputing simulations could change how researchers understand the internal motions of proteins that play functional, structural and regulatory roles in all living organisms, say scientists in a ... read more

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