Life Sciences News
August 5, 2015

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August 5, 2015

Aug. 4, 2015 — Active biological mechanisms transport scent and taste compounds known as volatiles from plant cells to the atmosphere, researchers report, a finding that could overturn the textbook model of ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — A supplement added to the feed of high-producing dairy cows reduced methane emissions by 30 percent and could have ramifications for global climate change, according to an international team of ... read more

Are Animal Models Still Essential to Biological Research?

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new article covers the use of animal models in scientific research. The use of animals in scientific research prompts regular debate and it can be difficult to garner a clear picture of the actual ... read more

Effect of Environmental Epigenetics on Disease, Evolution

Aug. 3, 2015 — Environmental factors are having an underappreciated effect on the course of disease and evolution by prompting genetic mutations through epigenetics, a process by which genes are turned on and off ... read more

RNA-Binding Protein Influences Key Mediator of Cellular Inflammation, Stress Responses

July 31, 2015 — RNA-binding proteins such as RC3H1 regulate the degradation of the mRNA molecules and thus prevent the production of specific proteins. Researchers have now shown that ROQUIN binds several thousand ... read more

Research Could Lead to Protective Probiotics for Frogs

July 30, 2015 — In research that could lead to protective probiotics to fight the 'chytrid' fungus that has been decimating amphibian populations worldwide, researchers have grown bacterial species from ... read more

Countering Pet Obesity by Rethinking Feeding Habits

July 30, 2015 — The number one cause of malnutrition in American pets is obesity. Research experts share causes, implications and potential solutions to this ... read more

How a Single Molecule Turns One Immune Cell Into Another

July 30, 2015 — All it takes is one molecule to reprogram an antibody-producing B cell into a scavenging macrophage. This transformation is possible, new evidence shows, because the molecule (C/EBPa, a transcription ... read more

July 30, 2015 — No matter if you are a specialist or not, there is one vital rule in illustrating descriptions of new plant or animal species: you have to do it! A paper published in the open-access journal ZooKeys ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Last year, for the first time, scientists used an unmanned aerial vehicle to photograph killer whales from above, giving scientists a new way to monitor killer whale health while giving us all a ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Scientists have solved the structure of the MCM2-7 Complex, which plays a key role in destabilizing and unwinding duplex DNA during DNA replication. More than 60 years ago, when Francis Crick and ... read more

July 29, 2015 — An analysis of data on stomach acidity and diet in birds and mammals suggests that high levels of stomach acidity developed not to help animals break down food, but to defend animals against food ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Rice is the staple food for more than half of the world's population, but the paddies it's grown in contributes up to 17 percent of global methane emissions -- about 100 million tons a ... read more

Study of Birds' Sense of Smell Reveals Important Clues for Behavior, Adaptation

July 29, 2015 — From slight sparrows to preening peacocks to soaring falcons, birds have long been known to possess distinct abilities in their sense of smell, but little has been known about the evolution of ... read more

When Cars and Wildlife Collide: Virtual Reality Could Prevent Real-Life Road Accidents

July 29, 2015 — Using a novel simulation approach, researchers took a closer look at how an interactive system, meant to reduce road accidents involving wild animals, can actually affect driver ... read more

July 29, 2015 — For the first time, research has shown that, despite not having a nervous system, plants use signals normally associated with animals when they encounter ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Researchers tested for resistance to 10 antibiotics among cattle and 18 wildlife species to explore key attributes and behaviors that may increase exposure and allow resistance to move among humans, ... read more

July 28, 2015 — A study examining sea stars dying along the West Coast provides new clues about the starfish's immune response and its ability to protect a diverse coastal ecosystem. The team found that the sea ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Australia has one of the highest rates of animal species that face extinction in the world. However, over the last decade, there have been animals that are rebounding. One example is the conservation ... read more

Fatty Acid Increases Performance of Cellular Powerhouse

July 28, 2015 — An entirely new control mechanism that regulates the function of mitochondria, the powerhouses of the cell, has been discovered by researchers. Surprisingly, a fatty acid is playing a key role in ... read more

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