Life Sciences News
September 4, 2015

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September 4, 2015

Beyond Species Counts: Using Evolutionary History to Inform Conservation

Sep. 3, 2015 — With limited funding available, a common strategy for conservation planners is to identify areas of high species richness and endemicity, but this approach ignores evolutionary history and so may ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Functional morphologists and polymer scientists show that geckos have a spring-like mechanism in their bodies to enhance adhesion as they become larger. A few years ago the same authors invented the ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Coral reef diversity 'hotspots' in the southwestern Indian Ocean rely more on the biomass of fish than where they are located, researchers say, a conclusion that has major implications for ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — A new study is showing that rapid evolution can occur in response to environmental ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — The Earth's first mass extinction event 540 million years ago was caused not by a meteorite impact or volcanic super-eruption but by the rise of early animals that dramatically changed the ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — A researcher has helped identify the last major vernalization gene in wheat. Vernalization genes define when the plant begins to flower and is critical for adaptation to different environments. The ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Crystal structures on the sea sapphire's back appear differently depending on the angle of reflection, scientists report, solving an unanswered question about this ... read more

Nightly Human-Fox Encounters: Foxes Sighted Mainly in West Vienna

Sep. 2, 2015 — Vienna’s inhabitants have reported about 300 foxes in the urban area to the internet platform www.stadtwildtiere.at during the last three months. These reports demonstrate that wild animals do not ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Although most of the world's biodiversity is below ground, surprisingly little is known about how it affects ecosystems or how it will be affected by climate change. A new study demonstrates ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Their pregnancies are carried by the males but, when it comes to breeding, seahorses have more in common with humans than previously thought, new research ... read more

The More the Merrier for Animals That Synchronize Their Behavior

Sep. 1, 2015 — Social interaction could be the mechanism that allows animals living in groups to synchronize their activities, whether it's huddling for warmth or offering protection from ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — Bumblebees infected with a common intestinal parasite are drawn to flowers whose nectar and pollen have a medicinal effect, a study shows. The findings suggest that plant chemistry could help combat ... read more

Ancient Hybridization Key to Domestic Dog's Origin, Wolf Conservation Efforts

Sep. 1, 2015 — The ancestry of man's best friend is more complicated than its furry coat and soulful eyes betray. Understanding the evolutionary history of the domesticated dog may help protect endangered ... read more

Climate Change Will Irreversibly Force Key Ocean Bacteria Into Overdrive

Sep. 1, 2015 — The levels of ocean acidification predicted for the year 2100 have been shown to cause an irreversible evolutionary change to a bacteria foundational to the ocean's food ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — Restoring oyster reefs is not an easy task, but by digging deep and examining centuries-old reefs, marine restoration professionals may stand a better chance at bringing oysters back, suggests a new ... read more

Heat and Acid Could Squeeze Trout out of Southern Appalachian Streams

Sep. 1, 2015 — A newly published research study that combines effects of warming temperatures from climate change with stream acidity projects average losses of around 10 percent of stream habitat for coldwater ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — The careful examination of fossil fragments from Panama has led Smithsonian scientists and colleagues to the discovery of a new genus and species of river dolphin that has been long extinct. The team ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — You don't name a sea creature after an ancient Greek warship unless it's built like a predator. That's certainly true of Pentecopterus, a giant sea scorpion with the features of a ... read more

Endangered Animals Can Be Identified by Rate of Genetic Diversity Loss

Aug. 31, 2015 — A new study presents a novel approach for identifying vertebrate populations at risk of extinction by estimating the rate of genetic diversity loss, a measurement that could help researchers and ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Among birds, the line between species is often blurry. Some closely related species interbreed where their ranges overlap, producing hybrid offspring. In the coastal marshes of New England, this has ... read more

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