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Spray-on solar cells? New nanoparticles make solar cells cheaper to manufacture

Date:
August 30, 2013
Source:
University of Alberta
Summary:
Researchers have found that abundant materials in the Earth's crust can be used to make inexpensive and easily manufactured nanoparticle-based solar cells.

UAlberta researcher Jillian Buriak (centre) worked with post-doctoral fellows Erik Luber (right) and Hosnay Mobarok to create nanoparticles that could lead to printable or spray-on solar cells.
Credit: Image courtesy of University of Alberta

University of Alberta researchers have found that abundant materials in Earth's crust can be used to make inexpensive and easily manufactured nanoparticle-based solar cells.

The discovery, several years in the making, is an important step forward in making solar power more accessible to parts of the world that are off the traditional electricity grid or face high power costs, such as the Canadian North, said researcher Jillian Buriak, a chemistry professor and senior research officer of the National Institute for Nanotechnology based on the U of A campus.

Buriak and her team have designed nanoparticles that absorb light and conduct electricity from two very common elements: phosphorus and zinc. Both materials are more plentiful than scarce materials such as cadmium and are free from manufacturing restrictions imposed on lead-based nanoparticles.

"Half the world already lives off the grid, and with demand for electrical power expected to double by the year 2050, it is important that renewable energy sources like solar power are made more affordable by lowering the costs of manufacturing," Buriak said.

Her team's research supports a promising approach of making solar cells cheaply using mass manufacturing methods like roll-to-roll printing (as with newspaper presses) or spray-coating (similar to automotive painting). "Nanoparticle-based 'inks' could be used to literally paint or print solar cells or precise compositions," Buriak said.

Buriak collaborated with U of A post-doctoral fellows Erik Luber of the U of A Faculty of Engineering and Hosnay Mobarok of the Faculty of Science to create the nanoparticles. The team was able to develop a synthetic method to make zinc phosphide nanoparticles, and demonstrated that the particles can be dissolved to form an ink and processed to make thin films that are responsive to light.

Buriak and her team are now experimenting with the nanoparticles, spray-coating them onto large solar cells to test their efficiency. The team has applied for a provisional patent and has secured funding to enable the next step to scale up manufacture.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Alberta. The original article was written by Bev Betkowski. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Erik J. Luber, Md Hosnay Mobarok, Jillian M. Buriak. Solution-Processed Zinc Phosphide (α-Zn3P2) Colloidal Semiconducting Nanocrystals for Thin Film Photovoltaic Applications. ACS Nano, 2013; 130819062108005 DOI: 10.1021/nn4034234

Cite This Page:

University of Alberta. "Spray-on solar cells? New nanoparticles make solar cells cheaper to manufacture." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 30 August 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/08/130830092446.htm>.
University of Alberta. (2013, August 30). Spray-on solar cells? New nanoparticles make solar cells cheaper to manufacture. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/08/130830092446.htm
University of Alberta. "Spray-on solar cells? New nanoparticles make solar cells cheaper to manufacture." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/08/130830092446.htm (accessed July 22, 2014).

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